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Showing 1 to 15 of 262 results Save | Export
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Wang, Yan; Kim, Eun Sook; Dedrick, Robert F.; Ferron, John M.; Tan, Tony – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2018
Wording effects associated with positively and negatively worded items have been found in many scales. Such effects may threaten construct validity and introduce systematic bias in the interpretation of results. A variety of models have been applied to address wording effects, such as the correlated uniqueness model and the correlated traits and…
Descriptors: Test Items, Test Format, Correlation, Construct Validity
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Dimitrov, Dimiter M.; Raykov, Tenko; AL-Qataee, Abdullah Ali – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2015
This article is concerned with developing a measure of general academic ability (GAA) for high school graduates who apply to colleges, as well as with the identification of optimal weights of the GAA indicators in a linear combination that yields a composite score with maximal reliability and maximal predictive validity, employing the framework of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Academic Ability, Aptitude Tests, High School Students
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Paulhus, Delroy L.; Dubois, Patrick J. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2014
The overclaiming technique is a novel assessment procedure that uses signal detection analysis to generate indices of knowledge accuracy (OC-accuracy) and self-enhancement (OC-bias). The technique has previously shown robustness over varied knowledge domains as well as low reactivity across administration contexts. Here we compared the OC-accuracy…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Knowledge Level, Accuracy, Cognitive Ability
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Mashburn, Andrew J.; Meyer, J. Patrick; Allen, Joseph P.; Pianta, Robert C. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2014
Observational methods are increasingly being used in classrooms to evaluate the quality of teaching. Operational procedures for observing teachers are somewhat arbitrary in existing measures and vary across different instruments. To study the effect of different observation procedures on score reliability and validity, we conducted an experimental…
Descriptors: Observation, Teacher Evaluation, Reliability, Validity
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Shaw, Emily J.; Marini, Jessica P.; Mattern, Krista D. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2013
The current study evaluated the relationship between various operationalizations of the Advanced Placement[R] (AP) exam and course information with first-year grade point average (FYGPA) in college to better understand the role of AP in college admission decisions. In particular, the incremental validity of the different AP variables, above…
Descriptors: Advanced Placement Programs, Grade Point Average, College Freshmen, College Admission
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Xu, Ting; Stone, Clement A. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2012
It has been argued that item response theory trait estimates should be used in analyses rather than number right (NR) or summated scale (SS) scores. Thissen and Orlando postulated that IRT scaling tends to produce trait estimates that are linearly related to the underlying trait being measured. Therefore, IRT trait estimates can be more useful…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Monte Carlo Methods, Measures (Individuals), Item Response Theory
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Medhanie, Amanuel G.; Dupuis, Danielle N.; LeBeau, Brandon; Harwell, Michael R.; Post, Thomas R. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2012
The first college mathematics course a student enrolls in is often affected by performance on a college mathematics placement test. Yet validity evidence of mathematics placement tests remains limited, even for nationally standardized placement tests, and when it is available usually consists of examining a student's subsequent performance in…
Descriptors: College Mathematics, Student Placement, Mathematics Tests, Test Validity
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Curseu, Petru Lucian; Schruijer, Sandra G. L. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2012
This study investigates the relationship between the five decision-making styles evaluated by the General Decision-Making Style Inventory, indecisiveness, and rationality in decision making. Using a sample of 102 middle-level managers, the results show that the rational style positively predicts rationality in decision making and negatively…
Descriptors: Decision Making, Measures (Individuals), Predictive Validity, Middle Management
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Kobrin, Jennifer L.; Kim, YoungKoung; Sackett, Paul R. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2012
There is much debate on the merits and pitfalls of standardized tests for college admission, with questions regarding the format (multiple-choice vs. constructed response), cognitive complexity, and content of these assessments (achievement vs. aptitude) at the forefront of the discussion. This study addressed these questions by investigating the…
Descriptors: Grade Point Average, Standardized Tests, Predictive Validity, Predictor Variables
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Mattern, Krista D.; Shaw, Emily J.; Kobrin, Jennifer L. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2011
This study examined discrepant high school grade point average (HSGPA) and SAT performance as measured by the difference between a student's standardized SAT composite score and standardized HSGPA. The SAT-HSGPA discrepancy measure was used to examine whether certain students are more likely to exhibit discrepant performance and in what direction.…
Descriptors: Grade Point Average, College Entrance Examinations, Predictive Validity, College Admission
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Konold, Timothy R.; Canivez, Gary L. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2010
Considerable debate exists regarding the accuracy of intelligence tests with members of different groups. This study investigated differential predictive validity of the "Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fourth Edition". Participants from the WISC-IV--WIAT-II standardization linking sample (N = 550) ranged in age from 6 through…
Descriptors: Intelligence, Written Language, Oral Language, Predictive Validity
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Choi, Namok; Fuqua, Dale R.; Newman, Jody L. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2008
Pedhazur and Tetenbaum speculated that factor structures from self-ratings of the Bem Sex-Role Inventory (BSRI) personality traits would be different from factor structures from desirability ratings of the same traits. To explore this hypothesis, both desirability ratings of BSRI traits (both "for a man" and "for a woman") and…
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Sex Role, Gender Discrimination, Self Evaluation (Individuals)
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Baker, Becca A.; Caison, Amy L.; Meade, Adam W. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2007
This study examined the gender-related differential predictive validity of five subscales of the Institutional Integration Scale (IIS) with regard to college student withdrawal. Differential functioning of the IIS across genders was assessed using an item response theory (IRT)-based framework of differential item and test functioning. The results…
Descriptors: Measures (Individuals), Predictive Validity, Item Response Theory, Gender Differences
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Kamphaus, Randy W.; Thorpe, Jennifer S.; Winsor, Anne Pierce; Kroncke, Anna P.; Dowdy, Erin T.; VanDeventer, Meghan C. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2007
A principal components analysis of the Teacher Rating Scale-Child (TRS-C) of the Behavior Assessment System for Children was conducted with a cross-sectional cohort of 659 children in Grades 1 to 5. A predictive validity study was then conducted with a 2-year longitudinal sample of 206 children. The results suggested that scores from the resulting…
Descriptors: Grade 1, Grade 2, Grade 3, Grade 4
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Goddard, Roger D.; LoGerfo, Laura F. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2007
This article presents a theoretical rationale and empirical evidence regarding the validity of scores obtained from two competing approaches to operationalizing scale items to measure emergent organizational properties. The authors consider whether items in scales intended to measure organizational properties should prompt survey takers to provide…
Descriptors: Group Dynamics, Structural Equation Models, Factor Analysis, Predictive Validity
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