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Mylonas, Kostas; Furnham, Adrian; Divale, William; Leblebici, Cigdem; Gondim, Sonia; Moniz, Angela; Grad, Hector; Alvaro, Jose Luis; Cretu, Romeo Zeno; Filus, Ania; Boski, Pawel – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2014
Several sources of bias can plague research data and individual assessment. When cultural groups are considered, across or even within countries, it is essential that the constructs assessed and evaluated are as free as possible from any source of bias and specifically from bias caused due to culturally specific characteristics. Employing the…
Descriptors: Test Bias, Measures (Individuals), Unemployment, Adults
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Ferrando, Pere J.; Anguiano-Carrasco, Cristina – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2013
This article proposes a two-stage procedure aimed at identifying faking in personality tests. The procedure, which can be considered as an extension and refinement of previous item response theory (IRT)-based proposals, combines the information provided by a structural equation model (SEM) in the first stage with that provided by an IRT-based…
Descriptors: Structural Equation Models, Item Response Theory, Personality Measures, Deception
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Escorial, Sergio; Navas, Maria J. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2007
Studies in the field of personality have systematically found gender differences in two of the three dimensions of the Eysenck model: neuroticism and psychoticism. This study aims to analyze these differences in the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire--Revised (EPQ-R) scales using differential item functioning (DIF) techniques to determine whether…
Descriptors: Test Bias, Personality Assessment, Measures (Individuals), Gender Differences
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Schaufeli, Wilmar B.; Bakker, Arnold B.; Salanova, Marisa – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2006
This article reports on the development of a short questionnaire to measure work engagement--a positive work-related state of fulfillment that is characterized by vigor, dedication, and absorption. Data were collected in 10 different countries (N = 14,521), and results indicated that the original 17-item Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES) can be…
Descriptors: Factor Analysis, Burnout, Test Validity, Test Reliability
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Hernandez, Jose M.; Rubio, Victor J.; Revuelta, Javier; Santacreu, Jose – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2006
Trait psychology implicitly assumes consistency of the personal traits. Mischel, however, argued against the idea of a general consistency of human beings. The present article aims to design a statistical procedure based on an adaptation of the pi* statistic to measure the degree of intraindividual consistency independently of the measure used.…
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Reliability, Test Items, Item Response Theory
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Salanova, Marisa; Llorens, Susana; Garcia-Renedo, Monica; Burriel, Raul; Breso, Edgar; Schaufeli, Wilmar B. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2005
This article investigated whether cynicism and depersonalization are two different dimensions of burnout or whether they may be collapsed into one construct of mental distance. Using confirmatory factor analyses in two samples of teachers (n = 483) and blue-collar workers (n = 474), a superior fit was found for the four-factor model that contained…
Descriptors: Teacher Burnout, Factor Structure, Personality Traits, Psychological Patterns
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Mateo, Miguel A.; Fernandez, Juan – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 1996
Information from 1,157 Spanish university classes using a student rating form indicates that class size has some impact on ratings of teaching, that this relationship differs somewhat as a function of the 2 dimensions operationalized in the questionnaire, and that effect sizes are small. (SLD)
Descriptors: Class Size, College Faculty, College Students, Effect Size
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Ponsoda, Vincente; And Others – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 1997
A study involving 209 Spanish high school students compared computer-based English vocabulary tests: (1) a self-adapted test (SAT); (2) a computerized adaptive test (CAT); (3) a conventional test; and (4) a test combining SAT and CAT. No statistically significant differences were found among test types for estimated ability or posttest anxiety.…
Descriptors: Ability, Adaptive Testing, Anxiety, Comparative Analysis
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Sanchez-Herrero, Silvia A.; Sanchez, Ma del Pilar – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 1992
A study with 118 male and 87 female junior high school students in Spain using a scale developed to assess anxiety among Spanish students associated with learning a second language found a relationship between low anxiety and superior performance in the second language (English). The scale obtained predictive validity. (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Anxiety, Attitude Measures, Cognitive Ability
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Mateo, Miguel Angel; Fernandez, Juan – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 1995
A total of 655 Spanish faculty members took part in a replication study to analyze the formal properties of the Academic Setting Evaluation Questionnaire, an evaluation of the academic setting for faculty members. Results support the three dimensions found in a previous analysis. (SLD)
Descriptors: College Faculty, Educational Environment, Evaluation Methods, Factor Structure
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Benito, Juana Gomez – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 1989
This study of 852 subjects in Barcelona (Spain) between 4 and 9 years old estimated the degree of consistency among elements of the Borelli-Oleron Performance Scale by taking into account item clusters and subtest clusters. The internal consistency of the subtests rose when all ages were analyzed jointly. (SLD)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Children, Cognitive Processes, Elementary Education