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Showing 1 to 15 of 34 results Save | Export
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Biancarosa, Gina; Kennedy, Patrick C.; Carlson, Sarah E.; Yoon, HyeonJin; Seipel, Ben; Liu, Bowen; Davison, Mark L. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
Prior research suggests that subscores from a single achievement test seldom add value over a single total score. Such scores typically correspond to subcontent areas in the total content domain, but content subdomains might not provide a sound basis for subscores. Using scores on an inferential reading comprehension test from 625 third, fourth,…
Descriptors: Scores, Scoring, Achievement Tests, Grade 3
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Cao, Chunhua; Kim, Eun Sook; Chen, Yi-Hsin; Ferron, John; Stark, Stephen – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
In multilevel multiple-indicator multiple-cause (MIMIC) models, covariates can interact at the within level, at the between level, or across levels. This study examines the performance of multilevel MIMIC models in estimating and detecting the interaction effect of two covariates through a simulation and provides an empirical demonstration of…
Descriptors: Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Structural Equation Models, Computation, Identification
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Walters, Glenn D.; Espelage, Dorothy L. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
The purpose of this study was to investigate the latent structure type (categorical vs. dimensional) of bullying perpetration in a large sample of middle school students. A nine-item bullying scale was administered to 1,222 (625 boys, 597 girls) early adolescents enrolled in middle schools in a Midwestern state. Based on the results of a principal…
Descriptors: Early Adolescents, Bullying, Middle School Students, Scores
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Fu, Yuanshu; Wen, Zhonglin; Wang, Yang – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2018
The maximal reliability of a congeneric measure is achieved by weighting item scores to form the optimal linear combination as the total score; it is never lower than the composite reliability of the measure when measurement errors are uncorrelated. The statistical method that renders maximal reliability would also lead to maximal criterion…
Descriptors: Test Reliability, Test Validity, Comparative Analysis, Attitude Measures
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Kim, Eun Sook; Wang, Yan; Kiefer, Sarah M. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2018
Studies comparing groups that are at different levels of multilevel data (namely, cross-level groups) using the same measure are not unusual such as student and teacher agreement in education or congruence between patient and physician perceptions in health research. Although establishing measurement invariance (MI) between these groups is…
Descriptors: Measurement, Grouping (Instructional Purposes), Comparative Analysis, Factor Analysis
Lockwood, J. R.; Castellano, Katherine E. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2017
Student Growth Percentiles (SGPs) increasingly are being used in the United States for inferences about student achievement growth and educator effectiveness. Emerging research has indicated that SGPs estimated from observed test scores have large measurement errors. As such, little is known about "true" SGPs, which are defined in terms…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Correlation, Student Characteristics, Academic Achievement
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Huang, Francis L.; Cornell, Dewey G. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2016
Bullying among youth is recognized as a serious student problem, especially in middle school. The most common approach to measuring bullying is through student self-report surveys that ask questions about different types of bullying victimization. Although prior studies have shown that question-order effects may influence participant responses, no…
Descriptors: Victims of Crime, Bullying, Middle School Students, Measures (Individuals)
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Cheng, Ying; Shao, Can; Lathrop, Quinn N. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2016
Due to its flexibility, the multiple-indicator, multiple-causes (MIMIC) model has become an increasingly popular method for the detection of differential item functioning (DIF). In this article, we propose the mediated MIMIC model method to uncover the underlying mechanism of DIF. This method extends the usual MIMIC model by including one variable…
Descriptors: Test Bias, Models, Simulation, Sample Size
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Li, Feiming; Cohen, Allan; Bottge, Brian; Templin, Jonathan – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2016
Latent transition analysis (LTA) was initially developed to provide a means of measuring change in dynamic latent variables. In this article, we illustrate the use of a cognitive diagnostic model, the DINA model, as the measurement model in a LTA, thereby demonstrating a means of analyzing change in cognitive skills over time. An example is…
Descriptors: Statistical Analysis, Change, Thinking Skills, Measurement
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Konstantopoulos, Spyros; Li, Wei; Miller, Shazia R.; van der Ploeg, Arie – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2016
We use data from a large-scale experiment conducted in Indiana in 2009-2010 to examine the impact of two interim assessment programs (mCLASS and Acuity) across the mathematics and reading achievement distributions. Specifically, we focus on whether the use of interim assessments has a particularly strong effect on improving outcomes for low…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Mathematics Achievement, Reading Achievement, Regression (Statistics)
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Attali, Yigal; Laitusis, Cara; Stone, Elizabeth – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2016
There are many reasons to believe that open-ended (OE) and multiple-choice (MC) items elicit different cognitive demands of students. However, empirical evidence that supports this view is lacking. In this study, we investigated the reactions of test takers to an interactive assessment with immediate feedback and answer-revision opportunities for…
Descriptors: Test Items, Questioning Techniques, Differences, Student Reaction
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Lai, Emily R.; Wolfe, Edward W.; Vickers, Daisy – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2015
This report summarizes an empirical study that addresses two related topics within the context of writing assessment--illusory halo and how much unique information is provided by multiple analytic scores. Specifically, we address the issue of whether unique information is provided by analytic scores assigned to student writing, beyond what is…
Descriptors: Writing Tests, Scores, Bias, Holistic Approach
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Wang, Wen-Chung; Chen, Hui-Fang; Jin, Kuan-Yu – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2015
Many scales contain both positively and negatively worded items. Reverse recoding of negatively worded items might not be enough for them to function as positively worded items do. In this study, we commented on the drawbacks of existing approaches to wording effect in mixed-format scales and used bi-factor item response theory (IRT) models to…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Test Format, Language Usage, Test Items
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Köhler, Carmen; Pohl, Steffi; Carstensen, Claus H. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2015
When competence tests are administered, subjects frequently omit items. These missing responses pose a threat to correctly estimating the proficiency level. Newer model-based approaches aim to take nonignorable missing data processes into account by incorporating a latent missing propensity into the measurement model. Two assumptions are typically…
Descriptors: Competence, Tests, Evaluation Methods, Adults
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Wetzel, Eunike; Xu, Xueli; von Davier, Matthias – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2015
In large-scale educational surveys, a latent regression model is used to compensate for the shortage of cognitive information. Conventionally, the covariates in the latent regression model are principal components extracted from background data. This operational method has several important disadvantages, such as the handling of missing data and…
Descriptors: Surveys, Regression (Statistics), Models, Research Methodology
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