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Nezhnov, Peter; Kardanova, Elena; Vasilyeva, Marina; Ludlow, Larry – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2015
The present study tested the possibility of operationalizing levels of knowledge acquisition based on Vygotsky's theory of cognitive growth. An assessment tool (SAM-Math) was developed to capture a hypothesized hierarchical structure of mathematical knowledge consisting of procedural, conceptual, and functional levels. In Study 1, SAM-Math was…
Descriptors: Knowledge Level, Mathematics, Cognitive Development, Vertical Organization
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Hecht, Martin; Weirich, Sebastian; Siegle, Thilo; Frey, Andreas – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2015
Multiple matrix designs are commonly used in large-scale assessments to distribute test items to students. These designs comprise several booklets, each containing a subset of the complete item pool. Besides reducing the test burden of individual students, using various booklets allows aligning the difficulty of the presented items to the assumed…
Descriptors: Measurement, Item Sampling, Statistical Analysis, Models
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Mashburn, Andrew J.; Meyer, J. Patrick; Allen, Joseph P.; Pianta, Robert C. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2014
Observational methods are increasingly being used in classrooms to evaluate the quality of teaching. Operational procedures for observing teachers are somewhat arbitrary in existing measures and vary across different instruments. To study the effect of different observation procedures on score reliability and validity, we conducted an experimental…
Descriptors: Observation, Teacher Evaluation, Reliability, Validity
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Dowdy, Erin; Nylund-Gibson, Karen; Felix, Erika D.; Morovati, Diane; Carnazzo, Katherine W.; Dever, Bridget V. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2014
The practice of screening students to identify behavioral and emotional risk is gaining momentum, with limited guidance regarding the frequency with which screenings should occur. Screening frequency decisions are influenced by the stability of the constructs assessed and changes in risk status over time. This study investigated the 4-year…
Descriptors: Screening Tests, Risk, Behavior Disorders, Emotional Disturbances
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Wang, Shudong; Jiao, Hong – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2009
In practice, vertical scales have been continually used to measure students' achievement progress across several grade levels and have been considered very challenging psychometric procedures. Recently, such practices have been drawing many criticisms. The major criticisms focus on dimensionality and construct equivalence of the latent trait or…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Elementary Secondary Education, Measures (Individuals), Psychometrics
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Pomplun, Mark R. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2009
This study investigated convergent validity evidence for student growth scores with high school course grades. The Measures of Academic Progress and Educational Planning and Assessment System growth scores for approximately 1,800 ninth-grade students over 2 years were related to language, arts, and mathematics course grades for developmental,…
Descriptors: Honors Curriculum, Grades (Scholastic), Academic Achievement, Validity
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Attali, Yigal; Powers, Donald – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2009
A developmental writing scale for timed essay-writing performance was created on the basis of automatically computed indicators of writing fluency, word choice, and conventions of standard written English. In a large-scale data collection effort that involved a national sample of more than 12,000 students from 4th, 6th, 8th, 10th, and 12th grade,…
Descriptors: Validity, Measures (Individuals), Scoring, Essays