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Shen, Jianping; Ma, Xin; Gao, Xingyuan; Bierlien Palmer, Louann; Poppink, Sue; Burt, Walter; Leneway, Robert; McCrumb, Dennis; Pearson, Charles; Rainey, Mark; Reeves, Patricia; Wegenke, Gary – Educational Studies, 2019
In this study, we developed and validated an instrument that researchers can use to measure the collective effort of principals and teachers who excise their own unique leadership to generate (integrated) school leadership. Based on 644 teachers, we found sound psychometric properties of the scales of the instrument and the instrument as a whole.…
Descriptors: Instructional Leadership, Teacher Leadership, Predictor Variables, Academic Achievement
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Free, Janese L. – Educational Studies, 2014
Using Hirschi's social bonds theory as a foundation, this study examines the effects of at-risk students' school bonds on their classroom behaviour. In this article, school bonds are defined as the students' attachment to teachers/staff, students' affiliation to the school, students' belief in the fairness of the school rules and students'…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Student Behavior, Middle Schools, Middle School Students
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Kirk, Chris Michael; Lewis, Rhonda K.; Scott, Angela; Wren, Denise; Nilsen, Corinne; Colvin, Deltha Q. – Educational Studies, 2012
Over the past three decades, more and more students are expressing a desire to attend college, yet for many members of disenfranchised groups, this goal is often not attained. While many factors contribute to these disparities, research has shown that students begin adjusting their expectations (what they think they can achieve) for the future in…
Descriptors: Academic Aspiration, Motivation, Student Attitudes, Grade 8
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Sach, Elizabeth – Educational Studies, 2012
Research conducted within the past decade contributes much to an understanding of the role and potential value of formative assessment in learning. As an Advisory Teacher within a local authority, the researcher was interested to find out how teachers actually perceive formative assessment. This study therefore set out to investigate the range and…
Descriptors: Middle Schools, Formative Evaluation, Statistical Analysis, Teaching Experience
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Lee, Sook-Jeong – Educational Studies, 2007
This study examined relations between the student-teacher trust relationship and school success, including school adjustment, academic motivation and performance. Data were collected from 318 7th-grade Korean middle school students (170 males, 148 females). All intercorrelations were positively correlated and correlation coefficients were…
Descriptors: Trust (Psychology), Middle Schools, Student Motivation, Structural Equation Models