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Evans, Brent J.; Marsicano, Christopher R.; Lennartz, Courtney J. – Educational Researcher, 2019
Preparing educated and active citizens is one of the primary goals of higher education, yet colleges and universities may neglect civic engagement due to the prioritization of labor market preparation. Drawing on neoinstitutional theory, this paper examines the missions, infrastructure, activities, and outcomes related to civic engagement across…
Descriptors: Democracy, Citizen Participation, Higher Education, Institutional Mission
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Tobiason, Glory – Educational Researcher, 2019
This study turns a rhetorical lens on the debate about how best to use value-added modeling (VAM) in teacher evaluation by addressing the question, Which arguments legitimize the dismissal of expert caution about proposed education reforms? My rhetorical analysis of a corpus of nonacademic texts (e.g., newspapers, magazines, political speeches)…
Descriptors: Value Added Models, Teacher Evaluation, Educational Change, Expertise
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Ngo, Federick; Astudillo, Samantha – Educational Researcher, 2019
Ineligibility for state financial aid has traditionally limited undocumented students' access to higher education. Since 2013, the California Development, Relief, and Education for Alien Minors Act (CA-DREAM) has made state-supported aid available to undocumented college students with demonstrated financial need. We use a difference-in-difference…
Descriptors: Student Financial Aid, Undocumented Immigrants, Community Colleges, Two Year College Students
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Lewis, Maria M.; Garces, Liliana M.; Frankenberg, Erica – Educational Researcher, 2019
As the federal entity in charge of enforcing civil rights law, the U.S. Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights (OCR) plays a critical role in addressing the vast inequities that exist in U.S. education. Through an analysis of the policy guidance OCR issued for a number of areas during the Obama administration, we illustrate the agency's…
Descriptors: Public Agencies, Civil Rights, Agency Role, Law Enforcement
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Anderson, Dustin; Spybrook, Jessaca; Maynard, Rebecca – Educational Researcher, 2019
Calls for improving transparency across the social science are increasing. One strategy that is gaining momentum in the quest to increase transparency is the practice of preregistering a study and analysis plan prior to conducting a study. In this article, we examine the potential of preregistration as a strategy for increasing transparency in…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Social Science Research, Instructional Effectiveness, Information Management
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Quinn, David M.; Desruisseaux, Tara-Marie; Nkansah-Amankra, Akua – Educational Researcher, 2019
The term "achievement gap" is regularly used to describe between-group differences in educational outcomes. However, critics of the term argue that it implies the problem is merely one of student performance and may depress support for policies aimed at structural solutions. We hypothesized that the phrase "racial achievement…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Racial Differences, Educational Policy, Equal Education
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Boyd-Swan, Casey; Herbst, Chris M. – Educational Researcher, 2019
This article examines racial and ethnic discrimination in the child care teacher hiring process. We construct a unique data set that combines a résumé audit study of center-based providers with a follow-up survey of those in the original audit sample. Fictitious résumés were randomly assigned White-, Black-, and Hispanic-sounding names and…
Descriptors: Racial Discrimination, Ethnic Groups, Social Discrimination, Child Caregivers
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Vinopal, Katie; Holt, Stephen B. – Educational Researcher, 2019
A growing body of research has documented the important benefits teachers of color bring to students of color, including higher expectations. Separately, researchers have shown that teachers improve student achievement with increasing effectiveness over their careers. We bridge these two streams of research by examining the extent to which…
Descriptors: Teaching Experience, African American Teachers, Whites, Teacher Expectations of Students
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Soland, James; Zamarro, Gema; Cheng, Albert; Hitt, Collin – Educational Researcher, 2019
Social-emotional learning (SEL) is gaining increasing attention in education policy and practice due to growing evidence that related constructs are strongly predictive of long-term academic achievement and attainment. However, the work of educators to support SEL is hampered by a lack of available, unbiased measures of related competencies. In…
Descriptors: Social Development, Emotional Development, Accountability, Educational Policy
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Fuller, Bruce; Kim, Yoonjeon; Galindo, Claudia; Bathia, Shruti; Bridges, Margaret; Duncan, Greg J.; García Valdivia, Isabel – Educational Researcher, 2019
A half century of research details how segregating racial groups in separate schools corresponds with disparities in funding and quality teachers and culturally narrow curricula. But we know little about whether young Latino children have entered less or more segregated elementary schools over the past generation. This article details the growing…
Descriptors: School Segregation, Hispanic American Students, Low Income Students, Elementary School Students
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Houston, David M. – Educational Researcher, 2019
Using new estimates of state-level public opinion, I explore the relationship between support for increased education spending and statewide per-pupil expenditures from 1986 to 2013. In the 1980s, there was a modest, positive relationship between public opinion and actual spending: States with greater support for increased education spending…
Descriptors: Public Opinion, Educational Finance, Educational Policy, Politics of Education
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Saxe, Geoffrey B.; Sussman, Joshua – Educational Researcher, 2019
National and state assessments show that English language learners (ELs) in elementary and secondary grades score lower in mathematics compared with their matched English proficient peers (EPs). To provide information on strategies for enhancing learning opportunities for ELs in language inclusive classrooms, we analyze the efficacy of…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Inclusion, Mathematics Instruction, Teaching Methods
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Goldhaber, Dan; Özek, Umut – Educational Researcher, 2019
The use of test scores as a performance measure in high-stakes educational accountability has become increasingly popular since the enactment of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB), which imposed sanctions such as the threat of losing federal funds unless a state implemented a school accountability system that measures student progress…
Descriptors: Success, High Stakes Tests, Accountability, Scores
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Witherspoon, Eben B.; Vincent-Ruz, Paulette; Schunn, Christian D. – Educational Researcher, 2019
Women take qualifying exams and enter medical school at substantially lower levels than predicted by their interest in medical degrees at the end of high school. We examined how science course experiences contribute to gendered attrition in premed using a multicohort data set of 8,253 undergraduates taking the traditional premed sequence of…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Premedical Students, Dropouts, Science Education
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O'Connor, Meredith; Cloney, Dan; Kvalsvig, Amanda; Goldfeld, Sharon – Educational Researcher, 2019
Previous research suggests that gains in positive mental health (often termed flourishing, wellbeing, or competence) is associated with stronger academic achievement. This study examines the relationship between positive mental health at school entry and academic achievement at Grade 3, drawing on a representative sample of Australian children…
Descriptors: Mental Health, Academic Achievement, Well Being, Standardized Tests
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