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Sepp, Stoo; Howard, Steven J.; Tindall-Ford, Sharon; Agostinho, Shirley; Paas, Fred – Educational Psychology Review, 2019
Cognitive load theory (CLT) applies what is known about human cognitive architecture to the study of learning and instruction, to generate insights into the characteristics and conditions of effective instruction and learning. Recent developments in CLT suggest that the human motor system plays an important role in cognition and learning; however,…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level, Psychomotor Skills, Short Term Memory
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Zamary, Amanda; Rawson, Katherine A. – Educational Psychology Review, 2018
Students in many courses are commonly expected to learn declarative concepts, which are abstract concepts denoted by key terms with short definitions that can be applied to a variety of scenarios as reported by Rawson et al. ("Educational Psychology Review" 27:483-504, 2015). Given that declarative concepts are common and foundational in…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, College Students, Social Psychology, Recall (Psychology)
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Zamary, Amanda; Rawson, Katherine A. – Educational Psychology Review, 2018
Declarative concepts (abstract concepts denoted by key terms and definitions) are foundational content in many courses at most grade levels. The current research compared the relative effectiveness of provided examples to faded examples (a technique involving a transition from studying provided examples to completing partial examples to generating…
Descriptors: Concept Formation, Educational Psychology, Learning Processes, Models
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Puma, Sébastien; Matton, Nadine; Paubel, Pierre-Vincent; Tricot, André – Educational Psychology Review, 2018
For a long time, Cognitive Load Theory has considered working memory models as tools to advance research on learning. It has used working memory capacity models, where working memory is viewed as being composed of a discrete number of slots (i.e., chunks) that can be kept active. However, recent results have shown that for a fixed quantity of…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level, Short Term Memory, Learning Theories
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Resnick, Ilyse; Davatzes, Alexandra; Newcombe, Nora S.; Shipley, Thomas F. – Educational Psychology Review, 2017
Many scientific theories and discoveries involve reasoning about extreme scales, removed from human experience, such as time in geology and size in nanoscience. Thus, understanding scale is central to science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. Unfortunately, novices have trouble understanding and comparing sizes of unfamiliar large and…
Descriptors: Thinking Skills, STEM Education, Teaching Methods, Barriers
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Fryer, Luke K. – Educational Psychology Review, 2017
Many of our current higher education (HE) learning strategy models intersect at important points. At the same time, these theories also often demonstrate important unique perspectives on student learning within HE. Currently, research with one learning strategy model rarely leads to developments in others, as each group of researchers works in…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Learning Strategies, Models, Educational Theories
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Dinsmore, Daniel L. – Educational Psychology Review, 2017
While the empirical literature on strategic processing is vast, understanding how and why certain strategies work for certain learners is far from clear. The purpose of this review is to systematically examine the theoretical and empirical literature on strategic process to parse out current conceptual and methodological progress to inform new…
Descriptors: Models, Learning Strategies, Metacognition, Performance
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Richardson, John T. E. – Educational Psychology Review, 2017
This commentary begins by summarizing the five contributions to this special issue and briefly recapping the background to the topic of student learning in higher education. Narrative and systematic reviews are compared, and the relative value of different bibliographic databases in the context of systematic reviews is assessed. The importance of…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Learning, College Students, Comparative Analysis
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Dumas, Denis – Educational Psychology Review, 2017
This review brings together the literature that pertains to the role of relational reasoning, or the ability to discern meaningful patterns within any stream of information, in the mental work of scientists, medical doctors, and engineers. Existing studies that measure four forms of relational reasoning--analogy, anomaly, antinomy, and…
Descriptors: Literature Reviews, Sciences, Medicine, Engineering
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Wang, Ming-Te; Degol, Jessica L. – Educational Psychology Review, 2016
The construct of school climate has received attention as a way to enhance student achievement and reduce problem behaviors. The purpose of this article is to evaluate the existing literature on school climate and to bring to light the strengths, weakness, and gaps in the ways researchers have approached the construct. The central information in…
Descriptors: Educational Environment, Measurement, Academic Achievement, Outcomes of Education
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Waters, Lea; Barsky, Adam; Ridd, Amanda; Allen, Kelly – Educational Psychology Review, 2015
Schools need reliable evidence about the outcomes of meditation programs before they consider if and how such programmes can influence learning agendas, curriculum and timetables. This paper reviewed evidence from 15 peer-reviewed studies of school meditation programmes with respect to three student outcomes: well-being, social competence and…
Descriptors: Intervention, Evidence, Program Effectiveness, Well Being
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Fenesi, Barbara; Sana, Faria; Kim, Joseph A.; Shore, David I. – Educational Psychology Review, 2015
In recent years, research from cognitive science has provided a solid theoretical framework to develop evidence-based interventions in education. In particular, research into reading, writing, language, mathematics and multimedia learning has been guided by the application of Baddeley's multicomponent model of working memory. However, an…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Educational Research, Cognitive Science, Models
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Rawson, Katherine A.; Thomas, Ruthann C.; Jacoby, Larry L. – Educational Psychology Review, 2015
Declarative concepts (i.e., key terms with short definitions of the abstract concepts denoted by those terms) are a common kind of information that students are expected to learn in many domains. A common pedagogical approach for supporting learning of declarative concepts involves presenting students with concrete examples that illustrate how the…
Descriptors: Concept Formation, Teaching Methods, Classification, Performance
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Schweppe, Judith; Rummer, Ralf – Educational Psychology Review, 2014
Cognitive models of multimedia learning such as the Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning (Mayer 2009) or the Cognitive Load Theory (Sweller 1999) are based on different cognitive models of working memory (e.g., Baddeley 1986) and long-term memory. The current paper describes a working memory model that has recently gained popularity in basic…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Cognitive Processes, Long Term Memory, Models
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Paas, Fred; Ayres, Paul – Educational Psychology Review, 2014
According to cognitive load theory (CLT), the limitations of working memory (WM) in the learning of new tasks together with its ability to cooperate with an unlimited long-term memory (LTM) for familiar tasks enable human beings to deal effectively with complex problems and acquire highly complex knowledge and skills. With regard to WM, CLT has…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Concept Formation, Memory, Instructional Design
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