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O'Connell, Ann A.; Gray, DeLeon L. – Educational Psychology Review, 2011
Efforts to identify and support credible causal claims have received intense interest in the research community, particularly over the past few decades. In this paper, we focus on the use of statistical procedures designed to support causal claims for a treatment or intervention when the response variable of interest is dichotomous. We identify…
Descriptors: Research Design, Theory Practice Relationship, Criticism, Inferences
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Nolen, Amanda; Talbert, Tony – Educational Psychology Review, 2011
The primary question regarding prescriptive appropriateness is a difficult one to answer for the qualitative researcher. While there are certainly qualitative researchers who have offered prescriptive protocols to better define and describe the terrain of qualitative research design and there are qualitative researchers who offer research…
Descriptors: Research Design, Qualitative Research, Researchers, Evaluation Methods
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Marley, Scott C.; Levin, Joel R. – Educational Psychology Review, 2011
A prescriptive statement is a recommendation that, if a course of action is taken, then a desirable outcome will likely occur. For example, in reading research recommending that teachers apply an intervention targeted at a specific reading skill to improve children's reading performance is a prescriptive statement. In our view, these statements…
Descriptors: Medical Research, Intervention, Reading Research, Credibility
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Bai, Haiyan – Educational Psychology Review, 2011
The central role of the propensity score analysis (PSA) in observational studies is for causal inference; as such, PSA is often used for making causal claims in research articles. However, there are still some issues for researchers to consider when making claims of causality using PSA results. This summary first briefly reviews PSA, followed by…
Descriptors: Researchers, Research Reports, Journal Articles, Probability
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Zhao, Qin; Linderholm, Tracy – Educational Psychology Review, 2008
The objective of this paper is to review and synthesize two interrelated topics in the adult metacomprehension literature: the bases of metacomprehension judgment and the constraints on metacomprehension accuracy. Our review shows that adult readers base their metacomprehension judgments on different types of information, including experiences…
Descriptors: Adults, Reading Comprehension, Metacognition, Evaluative Thinking
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Taasoobshirazi, Gita; Carr, Martha – Educational Psychology Review, 2008
The purpose of this paper is to propose a new approach to research on gender differences in science that uses the work on expertise in science as a framework for understanding gender differences. Because gender differences in achievement and participation in the sciences are largest in physics, the focus of this review is on physics. The nature of…
Descriptors: Physics, Gender Differences, Science Education, Science Achievement
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van Drie, Jannet; van Boxtel, Carla – Educational Psychology Review, 2008
This article explores historical reasoning, an important activity in history learning. Based upon an extensive review of empirical literature on students' thinking and reasoning about history, a theoretical framework of historical reasoning is proposed. The framework consists of six components: asking historical questions, using sources,…
Descriptors: Educational Practices, History Instruction, Time Perspective, Cognitive Structures
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Mayer, Richard E. – Educational Psychology Review, 2008
In this paper, I offer advice to new researchers on how to conduct a successful research project in educational psychology. I break the research task into three parts: creating a research question, creating a research methodology, and creating a dissemination plan. The criteria for creating a research question include personal interest,…
Descriptors: Educational Psychology, Research Methodology, Interests, Relevance (Education)