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Showing 1 to 15 of 433 results Save | Export
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Leppink, Jimmie; Pérez-Fuster, Patricia – Educational Psychology Review, 2019
Self-rated mental effort has been and continues to be the most widely used measure of cognitive load. This single-item measure is often used as a predictor variable in linear models for predicting performance or some other response variable. While an advantage of linear models is that they are fairly easy to understand, they fall short when the…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level, Predictor Variables, Time on Task
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Mavilidi, Myrto F.; Zhong, Lijia – Educational Psychology Review, 2019
This manuscript presents an interview with John Sweller, Fred Paas, and Jeroen van Merrienboer about cognitive load theory. It presents the views of these main founders of the theory on the progress from the first major publication on the theory in 1998 (Sweller, Van Merrienboer, & Paas, "Educational Psychology Review," 10(3),…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level, Theories, Barriers
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Likourezos, Vicki; Kalyuga, Slava; Sweller, John – Educational Psychology Review, 2019
Based on cognitive load theory, this paper reports on two experiments investigating the variability effect that occurs when learners' exposure to highly variable tasks results in superior test performance. It was hypothesised that the effect was more likely to occur using high rather than low levels of guidance and testing more knowledgeable than…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level, Testing, Knowledge Level
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Rey, Günter Daniel; Beege, Maik; Nebel, Steve; Wirzberger, Maria; Schmitt, Tobias H.; Schneider, Sascha – Educational Psychology Review, 2019
The segmenting effect states that people learn better when multimedia instructions are presented in (meaningful and coherent) learner-paced segments, rather than as continuous units. This meta-analysis contains 56 investigations including 88 pairwise comparisons and reveals a significant segmenting effect with small to medium effects for retention…
Descriptors: Learning Processes, Multimedia Instruction, Teaching Methods, Recall (Psychology)
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Sepp, Stoo; Howard, Steven J.; Tindall-Ford, Sharon; Agostinho, Shirley; Paas, Fred – Educational Psychology Review, 2019
Cognitive load theory (CLT) applies what is known about human cognitive architecture to the study of learning and instruction, to generate insights into the characteristics and conditions of effective instruction and learning. Recent developments in CLT suggest that the human motor system plays an important role in cognition and learning; however,…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level, Psychomotor Skills, Short Term Memory
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Leahy, Wayne; Sweller, John – Educational Psychology Review, 2019
The testing effect occurs when students, given information to learn and then practice during a test, perform better on a subsequent content post-test than students who restudy the information as a substitute for the practice test. The effect is often weaker or reversed if immediate rather than delayed post-tests are used. The weakening may be due…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level, Theories, Short Term Memory
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Feldon, David F.; Callan, Gregory; Juth, Stephanie; Jeong, Soojeong – Educational Psychology Review, 2019
Research on cognitive load theory (CLT) has focused primarily on identifying the mechanisms and strategies that enhance cognitive learning outcomes. However, CLT researchers have given less attention to the ways in which cognitive load may interact with the motivational and emotional aspects of learning. Motivational beliefs have typically been…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level, Emotional Response, Student Motivation
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Sweller, John; van Merriënboer, Jeroen J. G.; Paas, Fred – Educational Psychology Review, 2019
Cognitive load theory was introduced in the 1980s as an instructional design theory based on several uncontroversial aspects of human cognitive architecture. Our knowledge of many of the characteristics of working memory, long-term memory and the relations between them had been well-established for many decades prior to the introduction of the…
Descriptors: Difficulty Level, Cognitive Processes, Instructional Design, Short Term Memory
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Tang, Michael; Ginns, Paul; Jacobson, Michael J. – Educational Psychology Review, 2019
Cognitive load theory has incorporated evolutionary perspectives to consider how "biologically primary knowledge" (such as physical movement and pointing), acquired through evolutionary processes, might support the acquisition of "biologically secondary knowledge" (such as reading or writing), requiring explicit teaching.…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level, Theories, Biology
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Castro-Alonso, Juan C.; Wong, Mona; Adesope, Olusola O.; Ayres, Paul; Paas, Fred – Educational Psychology Review, 2019
Studies comparing the instructional effectiveness of dynamic versus static visualizations have produced mixed results. In this work, we investigated whether gender imbalance in the participant samples of these studies may have contributed to the mixed results. We conducted a meta-analysis of randomized experiments in which groups of students…
Descriptors: Visualization, Research Methodology, Motion, Biology
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Plass, Jan L.; Kalyuga, Slava – Educational Psychology Review, 2019
We discuss four ways in which emotion may relate to cognitive load during learning. One perspective describes emotions as extraneous cognitive load, competing for the limited resources of working memory by requiring the processing of task-extra or task-irrelevant information. Another perspective shows that encoding, storage, and retrieval of…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level, Emotional Response, Self Control
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Gehlbach, Hunter; Vriesema, Christine Calderon – Educational Psychology Review, 2019
For a host of reasons, training students and teachers to more accurately discern the thoughts, feelings, and motivations of others is more important than ever. One approach to improving social perspective taking entails teaching students to understand when and how bias impedes their efforts to "read" others. To facilitate this…
Descriptors: Bias, Social Cognition, Perspective Taking, Interpersonal Relationship
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Edelsbrunner, Peter A.; Dablander, Fabian – Educational Psychology Review, 2019
Psychometric modeling has become a frequently used statistical tool in research on scientific reasoning. We review psychometric modeling practices in this field, including model choice, model testing, and researchers' inferences based on their psychometric practices. A review of 11 empirical research studies reveals that the predominant…
Descriptors: Psychometrics, Science Process Skills, Item Response Theory, Educational Assessment
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Verhoeven, Monique; Poorthuis, Astrid M. G.; Volman, Monique – Educational Psychology Review, 2019
Schools can play an important role in adolescents' identity development. To date, research on the role of school in adolescents' identity development is scattered across research fields that employ different theoretical perspectives on identity. The aim of this literature review was to integrate the findings on the role of school in adolescents'…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, Student Development, Adolescent Development, School Role
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Wu, Sally P. W.; Rau, Martina A. – Educational Psychology Review, 2019
Recent research suggests that drawing activities can help students learn concepts in the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines. In particular, drawing activities, which mimic the practices of STEM professionals, can help students engage with visual-spatial content. However, prior work has also shown that students…
Descriptors: Freehand Drawing, STEM Education, Learning Processes, College Students
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