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Showing 766 to 780 of 920 results Save | Export
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Marjoribanks, Kevin – Educational Psychology, 2005
In the article, theoretical orientations and empirical studies are examined that have investigated relationships between family learning environments and children's school-related outcomes. A family model is proposed that involves associations among family background (human and economic capital, parents aspirations, and cultural contexts),…
Descriptors: Individual Characteristics, Family Characteristics, Social Influences, Family Environment
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Riding, Richard – Educational Psychology, 2005
The last quarter of a century has seen significant progress in the identification and assessment of individual difference variables and an increasing awareness of the importance of seeing variables in the context of others, both in their effect on one another and their interactive effect on educational performance. Several challenges must now be…
Descriptors: Educational Objectives, Individual Differences, Academic Achievement, Evaluation Methods
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Olive, Melissa L.; Liu, Yi-Juin – Educational Psychology, 2005
This study sought to assess the social validity of teacher and parent implemented assessment-based intervention for challenging behaviour in young children. The Behavior Intervention Rating Scale was completed by adults at the end of intervention for each participant. Overall ratings were high for both intervention acceptability and intervention…
Descriptors: Validity, Rating Scales, Intervention, Behavior Modification
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Reichle, Joe; McComas, Jennifer; Dahl, Norm; Solberg, Gina; Pierce, Sarah; Smith, David – Educational Psychology, 2005
The purpose of this study was to evaluate intervention procedures to teach conditional use of a communicative request for assistance and independent task performance. A 40-year-old man with autism and severe mental retardation with a history of escape-related problems was taught to use a graphic symbol to request assistance and to engage…
Descriptors: Severe Mental Retardation, Intervention, Autism, Help Seeking
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Luiselli, James K.; Putnam, Robert F.; Handler, Marcie W.; Feinberg, Adam B. – Educational Psychology, 2005
Many students attending public schools exhibit discipline problems such as disruptive classroom behaviour, vandalism, bullying, and violence. Establishing effective discipline practices is critical to ensure academic success and to provide a safe learning environment. In this article, we describe the effects of whole-school positive behaviour…
Descriptors: Intervention, Discipline Problems, Academic Achievement, Student Behavior
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Martin, Christian A.; Drasgow, Erik; Halle, James W.; Brucker, Jennifer M. – Educational Psychology, 2005
We used functional communication training to teach Bob, a 10-year-old student with autism and severe language delays, to reject items by touching an icon. Our initial assessment revealed that Bob's behaviours serving a rejecting function consisted of pushing away, yelling, bear hugging-grabbing, and leaving. We used prompting, differential…
Descriptors: Positive Reinforcement, Intervention, Delayed Speech, Autism
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Peterson, Stephanie M. Peck; Caniglia, Cyndi; Royster, Amy Jo; Macfarlane, Emily; Plowman, Kristen; Baird, Sally Jo; Wu, Nadia – Educational Psychology, 2005
This study evaluated the effects of choice making within functional communication training (FCT) to increase the task engagement of two participants with inappropriate behaviour. Pretreatment functional analyses indicated that both participants' inappropriate behaviour was maintained by escape. For one of the participants, inappropriate behaviour…
Descriptors: Reinforcement, Behavior Modification, Behavior Problems, Functional Behavioral Assessment
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McComas, Jennifer J.; Johnson, LeAnne; Symons, Frank J. – Educational Psychology, 2005
Naturally occurring aggressive and pro-social behaviour among 12 preschool children was examined in relation to teacher and peer responsiveness. A standardized real-time direct observational protocol was used in the context of a repeated measures design to measure the frequency and sequences of aggressive and pro-social behaviour of target…
Descriptors: Teacher Response, Preschool Children, Prosocial Behavior, Aggression
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Matson, Johnny L.; Dixon, Dennis R.; Matson, Michael L. – Educational Psychology, 2005
Current methods of assessing and treating aggression in children and adolescents with developmental disabilities were reviewed. While a number of measures have been developed to assess aggression in the general population, there are relatively few assessment methods for use with children and adolescents with developmental disabilities. In all, 54…
Descriptors: Measures (Individuals), Psychometrics, Developmental Disabilities, Behavior Problems
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O'reilly, Mark F.; O'Halloran, Margaret; Sigafoos, Jeff; Lancioni, Giulio E.; Green, Vanessa; Edrisinha, Chaturi; Cannella, Helen; Olive, Melissa – Educational Psychology, 2005
Deficiencies in social competence constitute a significant problem for aggressive children. As a result, these children often experience difficulty interacting with peers in socially acceptable ways. Such problems are particularly exacerbated in the schoolyard, where rules are less defined and low levels of supervision prevail. The present study…
Descriptors: Interpersonal Competence, Behavior Modification, Feedback, Aggression
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Wacker, David P.; Berg, Wendy K.; Harding, Jay W.; Barretto, Anjali; Rankin, Barbara; Ganzer, Jed – Educational Psychology, 2005
We trained parents to conduct functional analyses (n = 25) and functional communication training (n = 23) in home settings over a four-year period with 25 young children who had developmental and behavioural disorders. For 12 of the children, pre-treatment (baseline) probes and post-treatment stimulus condition probes were conducted to assess…
Descriptors: Stimulus Generalization, Behavior Disorders, Developmental Disabilities, Young Children
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Einfeld, Stewart L. – Educational Psychology, 2005
This paper reviews several genetic syndromes that are associated with intellectual disability. The specific focus is on the behavioural patterns associated with the syndrome. Included in this review are the patterns of disruptive behaviour disorders associated with Fragile X, Prader-Willi, and Williams syndromes. Understanding and recognition of…
Descriptors: Genetics, Educational Psychology, Mental Retardation, Behavior Disorders
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Hastings, Richard P. – Educational Psychology, 2005
There has been increasing interest in the role of teacher and other staff behaviour in the development and maintenance of problem behaviours in individuals with special needs. Research and theoretical developments have tended to focus on one of three domains: staff as assessment and behavioural change agents, staff wellbeing as determined by…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Special Education Teachers, Teacher Behavior, Student Behavior
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Connelly, Vincent; Dockrell, Julie E.; Barnett, Jo – Educational Psychology, 2005
Undergraduates producing handwritten essays in university exams need to transcribe information onto the page in a rapid and efficient manner under considerable time pressure. In fact, capacity models of the writing process predict that the more automated students can make the transcription process then the more resources will be available for…
Descriptors: Writing Skills, Undergraduate Students, Essay Tests, Writing Processes
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Pawley, Duncan; Ayres, Paul; Cooper, Martin; Sweller, John – Educational Psychology, 2005
The conditions under which explicit instruction in checking, combined with worked examples, may be beneficial in learning how to translate sentences into algebraic equations was examined from the perspective of cognitive load theory. In two experiments it was shown that Grade 8 and 9 students were initially disadvantaged by the inclusion of a…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Equations (Mathematics), Grade 8, Grade 9
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