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Tõeväli, Paula-Karoliina; Kikas, Eve – Educational Psychology, 2017
The present longitudinal study examined the cross-lagged relations between parental causal attributions of children's math success to children's ability, parental help, children's math performance and task persistence. A total of 735 children, their mothers, fathers and teachers were assessed twice--at the end of the second and the third grades.…
Descriptors: Attribution Theory, Questionnaires, Path Analysis, Mothers
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Kikas, Eve; Silinskas, Gintautas – Educational Psychology, 2016
This longitudinal study aimed at examining the relationship between children's task persistence, mothers' academic help, and the development of children's literacy skills (reading and spelling) at the beginning of primary school. The participants were 870 children, 682 mothers, and 53 class teachers. Data were collected three times--at the…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Literacy, Reading Skills, Persistence
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Mannamaa, Mairi; Kikas, Eve; Peets, Katlin; Palu, Anu – Educational Psychology, 2012
Math achievement is not a unidimensional construct but includes different skills that require different cognitive abilities. The focus of this study was to examine associations between a number of cognitive abilities and three domains of math skills (knowing, applying and problem solving) simultaneously in a multivariate framework. Participants…
Descriptors: Structural Equation Models, Phonological Awareness, Problem Solving, Short Term Memory
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Kikas, Eve; Peets, Katlin; Palu, Anu; Afanasjev, Juri – Educational Psychology, 2009
In this study, we examined the development of maths skills in 269 Estonian primary school children (119 boys and 150 girls; 20 classes). Testing was carried out over a three-year period (Grade 1-Grade 3). Before the last testing session, children's verbal skills and motivational orientations were also tested. In addition, teachers evaluated…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Testing, Verbal Ability, Grade 3