ERIC Number: EJ1029132
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Abstractor: As Provided
Confidence: The Best Non-Cognitive Predictor of Academic Achievement?
Stankov, Lazar; Morony, Suzanne; Lee, Yim Ping
Educational Psychology, v34 n1 p9-28 2014
Recent efforts to identify non-cognitive predictors of academic achievement and school success have largely focused on self-constructs such as self-efficacy, self-concept and anxiety that are measured with respect to a specific domain (e.g. mathematics). We extend the measurement of the non-cognitive realm in education to incorporate both social and psychological adjustment variables and ratings of confidence in addition to these self-constructs. Our findings show that confidence explains most of the variance in achievement captured by the other self-constructs combined, and that psychological adjustment variables add little to the equation. Furthermore, in contrast to other cognitive and non-cognitive variables, confidence accounts for 46.3% of total variance in achievement, while measures of previous cognitive performance in combination with other non-cognitive variables account for 40.5% of the total variance. We discuss the ways in which confidence is important in education.
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Academic Achievement, Self Concept, Self Efficacy, Anxiety, Measurement, Social Adjustment, Emotional Adjustment, Cognitive Ability, Mathematics Achievement, Mathematics Skills, Role, Secondary School Students, Foreign Countries, English (Second Language), Memory, Mental Health, Second Language Learning, Surveys, Item Analysis, Factor Analysis, Student Attitudes, Regression (Statistics)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Singapore
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Program for International Student Assessment