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Yang, Xiujie; Chung, Kevin Kien Hoa; McBride, Catherine – Educational Psychology, 2019
One hundred sixty-five Hong Kong Chinese children were administered measures of early mathematics, visual-spatial skills, and executive functioning (working memory, inhibition, shifting, updating) once in kindergarten (mean age = 62.80 months, SD = 3.74) and again in first grade (mean age = 77.25 months, SD = 4.60). In kindergarten, visual-spatial…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Visual Perception, Mathematics Instruction, Longitudinal Studies
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Viljaranta, Jaana; Kiuru, Noona; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Silinskas, Gintautas; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija; Nurmi, Jari-Erik – Educational Psychology, 2017
The majority of previous research on academic skills, self-concept of ability and interest has deployed the variable-oriented approach and focused on self-concept, or ability, or interest only. This study examined the patterns and dynamics of pattern change in Finnish children's word reading skill, self-concept of ability and interest from…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Reading Skills, Self Concept, Reading Ability
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Dias, Natália Martins; Seabra, Alessandra Gotuzo – Educational Psychology, 2017
Executive functions (EF) can be promoted by classroom interventions. Our study investigated whether (a) an intervention conducted by teachers improves EF in children; (b) there are effects on behaviour and academic achievement; and (c) there are stable benefits in a one-year follow-up. Fifty-eight first-graders, divided into experimental (EG = 28)…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Elementary School Students, Intervention, Primary Education
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van der Ven, Sanne H. G.; Klaiber, Jonathan D.; van der Maas, Han L. J. – Educational Psychology, 2017
Writing down spoken number words (transcoding) is an ability that is predictive of math performance and related to working memory ability. We analysed these relationships in a large sample of over 25,000 children, from kindergarten to the end of primary school, who solved transcoding items with a computer adaptive system. Furthermore, we…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Foreign Countries, Mathematics, Mathematics Instruction
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Colgate, Orla; Ginns, Paul – Educational Psychology, 2016
Currently, parental involvement research considers parents as individuals, and gives little consideration to them as a collective body, including how, as a group, they might influence each other. This study examined the influence of parent social norms on parents' home reading behaviour with their child. Two quasi-experiments conducted in two…
Descriptors: Parent Role, Reading Habits, Reading Aloud to Others, Social Attitudes
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Kikas, Eve; Silinskas, Gintautas – Educational Psychology, 2016
This longitudinal study aimed at examining the relationship between children's task persistence, mothers' academic help, and the development of children's literacy skills (reading and spelling) at the beginning of primary school. The participants were 870 children, 682 mothers, and 53 class teachers. Data were collected three times--at the…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Literacy, Reading Skills, Persistence
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Vandecandelaere, Machteld; Schmitt, Eric; Vanlaar, Gudrun; De Fraine, Bieke; Van Damme, Jan – Educational Psychology, 2016
Kindergarten retention is a popular practice for children who are considered unready for primary school. However, past research has not yet succeeded to find consistent, strong empirical evidence supporting the practice. In the current study, kindergarten repeaters' development in nine psychosocial domains is compared with that of equally at risk…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Grade Repetition, Child Development, At Risk Students
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Upadyaya, Katja; Eccles, Jacquelynne – Educational Psychology, 2015
This study investigated to what extent primary school teachers' perceptions of their students' ability and effort predict developmental changes in children's self-concepts of ability in math and reading after controlling for students' academic performance and general intelligence. Three cohorts (N?=?849) of elementary school children and their…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Elementary School Students, Mathematics Skills, Reading Ability
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Diniz, Eva; da Rosa Piccolo, Luciane; de Paula Couto, Maria Clara Pinheiro; Salles, Jerusa Fumagalli; Helena Koller, Silvia – Educational Psychology, 2014
This study investigated children and adolescents' school performance over time focusing on two variables that may influence it: developmental context and gender. The sample comprised 627 participants (M[subscript age]?=?11.13, SD?=?1.8), 51% of them female, from grade one to eight, living either with family (n?=?474) or in care institutions…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Developmental Stages, Child Development, Adolescent Development
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Babayigit, Selma; Stainthorp, Rhona – Educational Psychology, 2014
This study had three main aims. First, we examined to what extent listening comprehension, vocabulary, grammatical skills and verbal short-term memory (VSTM) assessed prior to formal reading instruction explained individual differences in early reading comprehension levels. Second, we examined to what extent the three common component skills,…
Descriptors: Listening Comprehension, Vocabulary, Grammar, Short Term Memory
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Marinova-Todd, Stefka H.; Hall, Erin K. – Educational Psychology, 2013
In order to examine the effect of the home language on the spelling development in English in children who are learning English as a second language (ESL learners), it is best to directly compare groups of ESL learners from various home language backgrounds. This study compared the oral language, phonological awareness, reading, and spelling…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Spelling, Vocabulary, Regression (Statistics)
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Nurmi, Jari-Erik; Viljaranta, Jaana; Tolvanen, Asko; Aunola, Kaisa – Educational Psychology, 2012
This study examined the extent to which a student's academic performance in first grade contributes to the active instruction given by a teacher to a particular student. To investigate this, 105 first graders were tested in mathematics and reading in the fall and spring of their first school year. At the same time points, their teachers filled in…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Academic Achievement, Grade 1, Reading Skills
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Murray, Elizabeth; Harrison, Linda Joan – Educational Psychology, 2011
This study investigated the extent to which learning readiness, prior-to-school experiences, and child and family characteristics influence children's literacy and numeracy achievement across the first year of primary school. A sample of 104 kindergarten children was recruited from 16 classrooms and followed from the beginning to the end of their…
Descriptors: Learning Readiness, Family Characteristics, Academic Achievement, Numeracy
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Magi, Katrin; Haidkind, Pille; Kikas, Eve – Educational Psychology, 2010
The present paper aims to examine the relationship between first grade children's performance-approach goal orientation, task-avoidant behaviours, conceptual knowledge and their achievement in maths and literacy. The sample consisted of 174 first grade children and their class teachers. Children's self reports of their performance-approach goals…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Goal Orientation, Grade 1, Mathematics Achievement
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Kinda, Shigehiro – Educational Psychology, 2010
The present study used a new assessment technique, the story-generation task, to examine students' understanding of subtraction scenes. The students from four grade levels (110 first-, 107 third-, 110 fourth- and 119 sixth-graders) generated stories under the constraints provided by a picture (representing Change, Combine or Compare scene) and a…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Grade 3, Grade 4
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