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Blayney, Paul; Kalyuga, Slava; Sweller, John – Educational Psychology, 2016
Element interactivity is a central concept of cognitive load theory that defines the complexity of a learning task. The reduction of task complexity through a temporary segmentation or isolation of interacting elements was investigated with 104 students randomly assigned to an interacting elements group, where participants were required to deal…
Descriptors: Difficulty Level, Cognitive Processes, Expertise, Accounting
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Ng, Hong Kok; Kalyuga, Slava; Sweller, John – Educational Psychology, 2013
Animation has an inherent advantage over static graphics when presenting dynamic content because it provides a more accurate and realistic depiction. Simultaneously, animation has an inherent disadvantage because most animated information is perceptually transient. In this quasi-experimental study, cognitive load theory was used to investigate the…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level, Animation, Visual Aids
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Ng, Hong Kok; Kalyuga, Slava; Sweller, John – Educational Psychology, 2013
Animation has an inherent advantage over static graphics when presenting dynamic content because it provides a more accurate and realistic depiction. Simultaneously, animation has an inherent disadvantage because most animated information is perceptually transient. In this quasi-experimental study, cognitive load theory was used to investigate the…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level, Animation, Efficiency
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Retnowati, Endah; Ayres, Paul; Sweller, John – Educational Psychology, 2010
This study compared the effects of worked example and problem-solving approaches in individual or group work settings on learning to solve geometry problems. One hundred and one seventh graders from Indonesia were randomly allocated to four experimental groups using a 2 (problem-solving vs. worked examples) x 2 (individual vs. group study) design.…
Descriptors: Learning Strategies, Problem Solving, Foreign Countries, Cooperative Learning
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Kissane, Mark; Kalyuga, Slava; Chandler, Paul; Sweller, John – Educational Psychology, 2008
Empirical studies within a cognitive load framework have determined that for novice learners, worked examples provide appropriate levels of instructional guidance. As learners advance in specific subject domains, worked examples should be gradually replaced by practice problems with limited guidance. This study compared performance, both…
Descriptors: Financial Services, Problem Solving, Teacher Guidance, Classroom Environment
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Owens, Paul; Sweller, John – Educational Psychology, 2008
In two experiments, the principles of cognitive load theory were applied to the design of alternatives to conventional music instruction hypothesised to facilitate learning. Experiment 1 demonstrated that spatial integration of visual text and musical notation, and dual-modal delivery of auditory text and musical notation, were superior to the…
Descriptors: Music Education, Music, Information Sources, Cognitive Development
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Pawley, Duncan; Ayres, Paul; Cooper, Martin; Sweller, John – Educational Psychology, 2005
The conditions under which explicit instruction in checking, combined with worked examples, may be beneficial in learning how to translate sentences into algebraic equations was examined from the perspective of cognitive load theory. In two experiments it was shown that Grade 8 and 9 students were initially disadvantaged by the inclusion of a…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Equations (Mathematics), Grade 8, Grade 9