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Kingston, Neal; Nash, Brooke – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2011
An effect size of about 0.70 (or 0.40-0.70) is often claimed for the efficacy of formative assessment, but is not supported by the existing research base. More than 300 studies that appeared to address the efficacy of formative assessment in grades K-12 were reviewed. Many of the studies had severely flawed research designs yielding…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Formative Evaluation, Program Effectiveness, Effect Size
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Ferrara, Steve; Svetina, Dubravka; Skucha, Sylvia; Davidson, Anne H. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2011
Items on test score scales located at and below the Proficient cut score define the content area knowledge and skills required to achieve proficiency. Alternately, examinees who perform at the Proficient level on a test can be expected to be able to demonstrate that they have mastered most of the knowledge and skills represented by the items at…
Descriptors: Knowledge Level, Mathematics Tests, Program Effectiveness, Inferences
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Chajewski, Michael; Mattern, Krista D.; Shaw, Emily J. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2011
The purpose of the current study was to examine the relationship between Advanced Placement (AP) exam participation and enrollment in a 4-year postsecondary institution. A positive relationship was expected given that the primary purpose of offering AP courses is to allow students to engage in college-level academic work while in high school, and…
Descriptors: Advanced Placement Programs, College Preparation, College Credits, Enrollment
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Sinharay, Sandip; Puhan, Gautam; Haberman, Shelby J. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2011
The purpose of this ITEMS module is to provide an introduction to subscores. First, examples of subscores from an operational test are provided. Then, a review of methods that can be used to examine if subscores have adequate psychometric quality is provided. It is demonstrated, using results from operational and simulated data, that subscores…
Descriptors: Scores, Psychometrics, Tests, Data
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Liu, Ou Lydia – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2011
Higher education institutions are becoming increasingly accountable to stakeholders at many levels as the federal government, accrediting organizations, and the public place a stronger emphasis on student learning outcomes. Evidence of student learning that is comparable across institutions is of urgent demand. Various accountability initiatives…
Descriptors: College Outcomes Assessment, Accountability, Higher Education, Institutional Evaluation
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Puhan, Gautam; Liang, Longjuan – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2011
The study examined two approaches for equating subscores. They are (1) equating subscores using internal common items as the anchor to conduct the equating, and (2) equating subscores using equated and scaled total scores as the anchor to conduct the equating. Since equated total scores are comparable across the new and old forms, they can be used…
Descriptors: Equated Scores, Test Items, Methods
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Brookhart, Susan M. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2011
The 1990 Standards for Teacher Competence in Educational Assessment of Students (AFT, NCME, & NEA, 1990) made a documentable contribution to the field. However, the Standards have become a bit dated, most notably in two ways: (1) the Standards do not consider current conceptions of formative assessment knowledge and skills, and (2) the Standards…
Descriptors: Standards, Teacher Competencies, Educational Assessment, Teacher Characteristics
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Wei, Xin; Haertel, Edward – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2011
Contemporary educational accountability systems, including state-level systems prescribed under No Child Left Behind as well as those envisioned under the "Race to the Top" comprehensive assessment competition, rely on school-level summaries of student test scores. The precision of these score summaries is almost always evaluated using models that…
Descriptors: Scores, Reliability, Computation, Generalizability Theory
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Kolen, Michael J.; Lee, Won-Chan – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2011
This paper illustrates that the psychometric properties of scores and scales that are used with mixed-format educational tests can impact the use and interpretation of the scores that are reported to examinees. Psychometric properties that include reliability and conditional standard errors of measurement are considered in this paper. The focus is…
Descriptors: Test Use, Test Format, Error of Measurement, Raw Scores
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Hollingshead, Lynne; Childs, Ruth A. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2011
Large-scale assessment results for schools, school boards/districts, and entire provinces or states are commonly reported as the percentage of students achieving a standard--that is, the percentage of students scoring above the cut score that defines the standard on the assessment scale. Recent research has shown that this method of reporting is…
Descriptors: Cutting Scores, Educational Assessment, Grade 6, Comparative Analysis
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Sinharay, Sandip; Dorans, Neil J.; Liang, Longjuan – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2011
Over the past few decades, those who take tests in the United States have exhibited increasing diversity with respect to native language. Standard psychometric procedures for ensuring item and test fairness that have existed for some time were developed when test-taking groups were predominantly native English speakers. A better understanding of…
Descriptors: Test Bias, Testing Programs, Psychometrics, Language Proficiency
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Pennock-Roman, Maria; Rivera, Charlene – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2011
The objective was to examine the impact of different types of accommodations on performance in content tests such as mathematics. The meta-analysis included 14 U.S. studies that randomly assigned school-aged English language learners (ELLs) to test accommodation versus control conditions or used repeated measures in counter-balanced order.…
Descriptors: Testing Accommodations, Printed Materials, Second Language Learning, Glossaries
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Roberts, Mary Roduta; Gierl, Mark J. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2010
This paper presents a framework to provide a structured approach for developing score reports for cognitive diagnostic assessments ("CDAs"). Guidelines for reporting and presenting diagnostic scores are based on a review of current educational test score reporting practices and literature from the area of information design. A sample diagnostic…
Descriptors: Diagnostic Tests, Scores, Technical Writing, Cognitive Tests
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Wicherts, Jelte M.; Dolan, Conor V. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2010
Measurement invariance with respect to groups is an essential aspect of the fair use of scores of intelligence tests and other psychological measurements. It is widely believed that equal factor loadings are sufficient to establish measurement invariance in confirmatory factor analysis. Here, it is shown why establishing measurement invariance…
Descriptors: Factor Structure, Intelligence Tests, Intelligence Quotient, Factor Analysis
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Packman, Sheryl; Camara, Wayne J.; Huff, Kristen – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2010
This paper provides a snapshot of educational measurement professionals--their educational, professional and demographic backgrounds, as well as their workplace settings, job tasks, professional involvement, and compensation practices. Two previous studies have surveyed employers, but this is the first attempt to conduct a comprehensive survey of…
Descriptors: Measurement, Educational Testing, Psychometrics, Compensation (Remuneration)
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