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Camara, Wayne J.; Mattern, Krista; Croft, Michelle; Vispoel, Sara; Nichols, Paul – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2019
In 2018, 26 states administered a college admissions test to all public school juniors. Nearly half of those states proposed to use those scores as their academic achievement indicators for federal accountability under the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA); many others are planning to use those scores for other accountability purposes.…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Accountability, Scores, Academic Achievement
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Buzick, Heather M.; Jones, Nathan D. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2015
Much of the recent focus of educational policymakers has been on improving the measurement of teacher effectiveness. Linking student growth to teacher effects has been a large part of reform efforts. To date, neither researchers nor practitioners have arrived at a consensus on how to treat test scores from students with disabilities in…
Descriptors: Teacher Evaluation, Scores, Disabilities, Teacher Effectiveness
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Elliott, Stephen N.; Compton, Elizabeth; Roach, Andrew T. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2007
The relationships between ratings on the Idaho Alternate Assessment (IAA) for 116 students with significant disabilities and corresponding ratings for the same students on two norm-referenced teacher rating scales were examined to gain evidence about the validity of resulting IAA scores. To contextualize these findings, another group of 54…
Descriptors: Inferences, Disabilities, Rating Scales, Eligibility
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La Marca, Paul M. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2006
Although it is assumed that student cognition contributes to student performance on achievement tests, it may be that current testing models lack the degree of specification necessary to warrant such inferences. With test score interpretations as the referent, the authors in this special issue address the role of student cognition in learning and…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Measurement, Testing, Achievement Tests
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Sicoly, Fiore – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2002
Studied the validity of interpretations derived from school-level assessment scores for different content areas using school-level data from 14 large-scale assessment programs. Results raise suspicions about the value and validity of interpretations based on school-level subject area scores. (SLD)
Descriptors: Accountability, Elementary Secondary Education, Large Scale Assessment, Schools
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Kane, Michael – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2002
Makes the point that the interpretations and use of high-stakes test scores rely on policy assumptions about what should be taught and the content standards and performance standards that should be applied. The assumptions built into an assessment need to be subjected to scrutiny and criticism if a strong case is to be made for the validity of the…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, High Stakes Tests, Scores
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Kearney, C. Philip – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1983
The three general categories that encompass the legitimate uses to which test data can be put (i.e., public reporting at the local, state, or regional level; identifying needs and allocating resources; and making judgments about promotion and graduation) are identified and examples are offered of policymakers' use and misuse of test results. (LC)
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Elementary Secondary Education, Information Dissemination, Needs Assessment
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Cahan, Sorel – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2000
Discusses the effects of schooling on the development of intelligence in children and how the amount of schooling should be considered when developing norms for turning intelligence test performance into IQ scores. Suggests that because of differences in schooling among same-age children, use of age-based norms results in biased deviation IQS.…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Child Development, Educational Attainment, Elementary Secondary Education
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Hills, John R. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1993
A scenario and accompanying questions and answers are posed to help educators examine possible problems in interpreting a student's test score profile. Profiles developed and used soundly are very helpful, but possible pitfalls in test interpretation must be recognized. (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Educational Assessment, Elementary Secondary Education, Performance
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Divgi, D. R. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1989
The question of realistic expectations for achievement growth for learning disabled students is discussed. The controversy among previous authors is caused by the acceptance of unsupported claims about interval scales, and not by the explicit definition of realism and fairness, which can fix a growth expectation. (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Gains, Elementary Secondary Education, Learning Disabilities
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Tittle, Carol Kehr – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1989
An expanded framework for validating tests is needed to include the perspectives of teachers and students as well as of test makers and scientists. The development of educational assessments must take place within an understanding of how tests are used in context. (SLD)
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation Utilization, Learning Processes
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Nolen, Susan Bobbitt; And Others – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1992
Arizona teachers and administrators (n=2,444) were surveyed to determine (1) use of standardized test scores; (2) teachers' perceptions of others' use of scores; (3) how schools prepare students to take tests; (4) conditions under which tests are given; and (5) views of current testing program effects. (SLD)
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Administrator Attitudes, Administrators, Elementary School Teachers
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Linn, Robert L. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1997
It is argued that consequential validity is a concept worth considering. The solution to defining "validity" is not to narrow the concept, but to allow for the differential prediction provided by tests in different circumstances. Consequences of the uses and interpretations of test scores are central to their evaluation. (SLD)
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Educational Testing, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation Methods
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Bracey, Gerald W. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1992
Reviewing evidence from high school completion and dropout rates, college attendance, test scores, and international comparisons leads to the conclusion that U.S. schools do a pretty good job of teaching students who are ready to learn. Given what schools have to contend with, their performance is indeed impressive. (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, College Bound Students, Demography, Dropout Rate
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Koretz, Daniel – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1992
The documented decline in test scores of the 1960s and 1970s and the unclear picture since then result from educational and noneducational factors. Aspects of the misuse of test scores are (1) simplistic interpretation of performance trends; (2) unsupported evaluations of schooling; and (3) a reductionist view of education. (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Educational Assessment, Educational History, Educational Quality
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