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Lane, Suzanne – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1993
A conceptual framework is presented for the development of the Quantitative Understanding: Amplifying Student Achievement and Reasoning (QUASAR) Cognitive Assessment Instrument (QCAI) that focuses on the ability of middle-school students to problem solve, reason, and communicate mathematically. The instrument will provide programatic rather than…
Descriptors: Communication (Thought Transfer), Concept Formation, Educational Assessment, Junior High Schools
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Linn, Robert L.; Burton, Elizabeth – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1994
Generalizability of performance-based assessment scores across raters and tasks is examined, focusing on implications of generalizability analyses for specific uses and interpretations of assessment results. Although it seems probable that assessment conditions, task characteristics, and interactions with instructional experiences affect the…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Educational Experience, Generalizability Theory, Interaction
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Burger, Susan E.; Burger, Donald L. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1994
One means of establishing the validity of performance-based assessments is to determine whether the criteria for basic competencies on performance tests are reasonable in relation to expected (nationally normed) age-level performance. Links between performances on three assessments in Michigan and the Comprehensive Tests of Basic Skills illustrate…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Age Differences, Competence, Criteria
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Bracey, Gerald W. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1992
Reviewing evidence from high school completion and dropout rates, college attendance, test scores, and international comparisons leads to the conclusion that U.S. schools do a pretty good job of teaching students who are ready to learn. Given what schools have to contend with, their performance is indeed impressive. (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, College Bound Students, Demography, Dropout Rate
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Koretz, Daniel – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1992
The documented decline in test scores of the 1960s and 1970s and the unclear picture since then result from educational and noneducational factors. Aspects of the misuse of test scores are (1) simplistic interpretation of performance trends; (2) unsupported evaluations of schooling; and (3) a reductionist view of education. (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Educational Assessment, Educational History, Educational Quality
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Wolf, Richard M. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1992
The relevance of state results on tests of the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) is illustrated with data from the "Digest of Education Statistics--1990" (U.S. Department of Education). Evidence indicates that the contributions of state differences such as economic or demographic differences to NAEP results cannot be…
Descriptors: Comparative Testing, Demography, Economic Factors, Educational Assessment
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Kilian, Lawrence J. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1992
Guidelines for appropriate test preparation practices are presented to ensure that tests used in high-stakes situations generate scores that represent their domains validly. These guidelines do not rely directly on two evaluative standards proposed by W. J. Popham (1991), although they share the concern for appropriate test preparation. (SLD)
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Elementary Secondary Education, Ethics, Evaluation Criteria
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Popham, W. James – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1992
Test developers have an obligation to create the most appropriate assessment instruments possible as L. J. Kilian argues, but whether they do or not, educators still are responsible for providing test preparation that is professionally ethical and educationally defensible. (SLD)
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Elementary Secondary Education, Ethics, Evaluation Methods
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Plake, Barbara S.; And Others – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1993
Approximately 900 teachers in Virginia were surveyed to assess teachers' competencies in the 7 basic assessment areas identified in the "Standards for Teacher Competence in Educational Assessment of Students." Results will be used in designing training material in assessment for inservice teacher education. (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Educational Assessment, Elementary School Teachers, Elementary Secondary Education
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Rudner, Lawrence M. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1993
Activities of the new ERIC Clearinghouse on Assessment and Evaluation (ERIC/AE) are described, and planned activities and services are reviewed. ERIC/AE gathers information pertaining to assessment, evaluation, and learning theory; and it makes that information available to a number of audiences through print and electronic media. (SLD)
Descriptors: Clearinghouses, Databases, Early Childhood Education, Educational Assessment
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Frary, Robert B.; And Others – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1993
Problematic opinions and practices regarding testing and grading were studied for 536 secondary school teachers of academic subjects. Results indicate widespread differences between teacher beliefs and practices and what measurement specialists would recommend as testing practices. Implications for teacher training in measurement are discussed.…
Descriptors: Beliefs, Educational Assessment, Educational Attitudes, Educational Practices
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Hambleton, Ronald K.; Jones, Russell W. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1993
This National Council on Measurement in Education (NCME) instructional module compares classical test theory and item response theory and describes their applications in test development. Related concepts, models, and methods are explored; and advantages and disadvantages of each framework are reviewed. (SLD)
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Educational Assessment, Graphs, Item Response Theory
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Jaeger, Richard M. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1995
A newly developed performance standard-setting procedure, termed iterative judgmental policy capturing (JPC), is applicable to assessments composed of distinct multidimensional exercises. The procedure is described, and results are reported from the application of JPC in a study involving a panel of 20 teachers and 6 performance exercises. (SLD)
Descriptors: Decision Making, Educational Assessment, Licensing Examinations (Professions), Multidimensional Scaling
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Bond, Lloyd – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1995
The extent to which performance assessments can have unintended and undesirable consequences is not yet clear, but preliminary evidence suggests several issues of bias and fairness. Among these is the sheer difficulty of scoring complex performance assessments, as Vermont's experiences with portfolio assessment illustrate. (SLD)
Descriptors: Black Students, Culture Fair Tests, Educational Assessment, Performance Based Assessment
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Drake, Liselle; And Others – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1995
The Internet is a large and growing resource for those interested in educational assessment issues. Internet resources of particular interest to the assessment community are identified and discussed. These include gopher sites, Web sites, and listservs. (SLD)
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Educational Resources, Evaluation Methods, Internet
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