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Cizek, Gregory J. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2000
Points out areas in which aspects of assessment practice remain resistant to change: (1) evaluation of student achievement; (2) appropriate application of assessment innovation; and (3) preparation of educators in educational assessment. (SLD)
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Educational Change, Educational Theories, Elementary Secondary Education
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Messick, Samuel – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1995
Six distinguishable aspects of construct validity are discussed as they apply to performance assessment, emphasizing content, substantive, structural, generalizability, external, and consequential aspects. Taken together, these aspects provide a way to address validity questions in score interpretation and use. (SLD)
Descriptors: Construct Validity, Content Validity, Educational Assessment, Generalization
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Brennan, Robert L.; Johnson, Eugene G. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1995
The application of generalizability theory to the reliability and error variance estimation for performance assessment scores is discussed. Decision makers concerned with performance assessment need to realize the restrictions that limit generalizability such as limitations that lead to reductions in the number of tasks possible, rater quality,…
Descriptors: Decision Making, Educational Assessment, Error of Measurement, Estimation (Mathematics)
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Green, Bert F. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1995
If annual performance assessments are to yield results that can be compared from year to year, many technical problems must be addressed. It is essential that tests to be equated measure the same construct. Methods of equating performance assessment scores, ways of equating system assessments, and standard setting are discussed. (SLD)
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Educational Assessment, Educational Change, Equated Scores
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Guion, Robert M. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1995
This commentary discusses three essential themes in performance assessment and its scoring. First, scores should mean something. Second, performance scores should permit fair and meaningful comparisons. Third, validity-reducing errors should be minimal. Increased attention to performance assessment may overcome these problems. (SLD)
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Performance Based Assessment, Scores, Scoring
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Moss, Pamela A.; And Others – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1992
How portfolio-based conclusions about student learning might be used to communicate with audiences outside the classroom is explored. Procedures and criteria for investigating validity in portfolio use are discussed. Ten portfolios from an eighth grade language arts class are used as an example. (SLD)
Descriptors: Accountability, Data Interpretation, Educational Assessment, Evaluation Criteria
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Camara, Wayne J.; Brown, Dianne C. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1995
The implications for educational and employment testing of recent measurement, social, and policy issues are compared and contrasted. Changes are proposed relative to technical conceptualization of assessment, an increased focus on performance-based evaluation, and expanded expectations and uses of assessment. (SLD)
Descriptors: Construct Validity, Educational Assessment, Educational Change, Educational Policy
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Ward, Annie W.; Murray-Ward, Mildred – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1994
This instructional module presented by the National Council on Measurement in Education (NCME) provides guidelines for teachers and other test developers to help them construct test item banks. Setting up an item bank and using it are described, with a consideration of software that can be used. (SLD)
Descriptors: Annotated Bibliographies, Computer Software, Educational Assessment, Elementary Secondary Education
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Kingsbury, G. Gage; Houser, Ronald L. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1993
The utility of item response theory (IRT) models in computerized adaptive tests is considered. Measurement questions that have been answered using IRT, and those that might be overlooked because of IRT, are reviewed. Areas in which fuller use of IRT could improve adaptive testing practices are identified. (SLD)
Descriptors: Adaptive Testing, Computer Assisted Testing, Educational Assessment, Elementary Secondary Education
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Brookhart, Susan M. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1993
This instructional module from the National Council on Measurement in Education (NCME) explains how to design assessments for written reports, develop performance criteria and communicate them to students, monitor progress, and assess the outcome. Learning how to give students a role in assessment adds a dimension to their responsibilities. (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Critical Thinking, Educational Assessment, Elementary Secondary Education
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Hills, John R. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1993
A scenario and accompanying questions and answers are posed to help educators examine possible problems in interpreting a student's test score profile. Profiles developed and used soundly are very helpful, but possible pitfalls in test interpretation must be recognized. (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Educational Assessment, Elementary Secondary Education, Performance
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Schafer, William D. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1991
Content areas that should be included in testing and measurement courses, subsidiary skills, and means of rationalizing the content and skills are outlined. Areas include basic concepts, assessment uses, assessment planning and development, interpretation of assessments, description of results, evaluation and improvement of assessments, feedback…
Descriptors: Course Content, Educational Assessment, Ethics, Feedback
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Cizek, Gregory J. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1993
Key issues that educational measurement professionals must face in the next decade are explored. Questions of definition and localization of testing, teacher education, increased computer use, variation in types of assessment, and the effects of litigation are likely to be central in future measurement and policy decisions. (SLD)
Descriptors: Computer Uses in Education, Court Litigation, Decision Making, Definitions
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Hills, John R. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1993
A quiz is presented that may call the attention of school personnel to regression effects in educational measurement, and clarify the meaning of statistical regression for educators in schools. Ten questions and their answers explore regression in the contexts of classroom testing, grading, and performance assessment. (SLD)
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation Methods, Grading
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Miller, M. David; Legg, Sue M. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1993
Implications of using alternative assessments for accountability in a high-stakes testing environment (using tests to make impact decisions for students, schools, or teachers) are examined. The psychometric properties of standardized alternative assessments are discussed, and the consequences of their use are considered. (SLD)
Descriptors: Accountability, Alternative Assessment, Decision Making, Educational Assessment
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