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Jerrim, John; Parker, Philip; Choi, Alvaro; Chmielewski, Anna Katyn; Sälzer, Christine; Shure, Nikki – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2018
The Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) is an important international study of 15-olds' knowledge and skills. New results are released every 3 years, and have a substantial impact upon education policy. Yet, despite its influence, the methodology underpinning PISA has received significant criticism. Much of this criticism has…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Comparative Education, Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries
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Rutkowski, David; Rutkowski, Leslie; Liaw, Yuan-Ling – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2018
Participation in international large-scale assessments has grown over time with the largest, the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), including more than 70 education systems that are economically and educationally diverse. To help accommodate for large achievement differences among participants, in 2009 PISA offered…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, Secondary School Students
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Vijver, Fons J. R. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2018
A conceptual framework of measurement bias in cross-cultural comparisons, distinguishing between construct, method, and item bias (differential item functioning), is used to describe a methodological framework addressing assessment of noncognitive variables in international large-scale studies. It is argued that the treatment of bias, coming from…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, International Assessment
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Bakker, Steven – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2012
A particular trait of the educational system under socialist reign was accountability at the input side--appropriate facilities, centrally decided curriculum, approved text-books, and uniformly trained teachers--but no control on the output. It was simply assumed that it met the agreed standards, which was, in turn, proven by the statistics…
Descriptors: Accountability, Social Problems, Ethics, Foreign Students
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Hollingshead, Lynne; Childs, Ruth A. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2011
Large-scale assessment results for schools, school boards/districts, and entire provinces or states are commonly reported as the percentage of students achieving a standard--that is, the percentage of students scoring above the cut score that defines the standard on the assessment scale. Recent research has shown that this method of reporting is…
Descriptors: Cutting Scores, Educational Assessment, Grade 6, Comparative Analysis
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Fairbairn, Shelley B.; Fox, Janna – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2009
Substantial growth in the numbers of English language learners (ELLs) in the United States and Canada in recent years has significantly affected the educational systems of both countries. This article focuses on critical issues and concerns related to the assessment of ELLs in U.S. and Canadian schools and emphasizes assessment approaches for test…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Educational Testing, Second Language Learning, Foreign Countries
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Mares, Jiri; Byckovsky, Petr – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1992
The history of educational assessment and research in Czechoslovakia and changes in attitudes toward educational testing are reviewed. The current status of educational assessment is evaluated and found wanting. A plan is proposed to resuscitate educational testing in Czechoslovakia in spite of the current economic and political problems. (SLD)
Descriptors: Economic Factors, Educational Assessment, Educational Attitudes, Educational Change
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Niemierko, Boleslaw – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1991
The experiences of Poland in educational testing are reviewed from 1918 to 1990. Trends affecting the future of educational testing in Poland are considered. Current economic and political conditions in Eastern Europe may keep educational testing in a relatively minor position as more vital national needs are addressed. (SLD)
Descriptors: Communism, Democracy, Economic Change, Educational Assessment
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Nuttall, Desmond L.; Stobart, Gordon – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1994
National curriculum assessment in England and Wales is explored, focusing on its troubled implementation. The work of the Task Group on Assessment and Testing and teacher resistance to the mandated testing are discussed. Experiences in England and Wales provide insight into what can be expected in a national assessment system. (SLD)
Descriptors: British National Curriculum, Educational Assessment, Educational Change, Educational History
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Jones, Lyle V. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1994
The testing practices and tests described in the preceding articles are reviewed and compared. This cross-cultural examination identifies some issues that are common to the United States and Europe: (1) the emphasis on performance tasks, (2) the accommodation of language minorities, and (3) concerns about gender differences. (SLD)
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Comparative Analysis, Cross Cultural Studies, Educational Assessment
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Csapo, Beno – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1992
Development of educational testing in Hungary is reviewed regarding recent political and social changes. Relatively few areas in the educational system use tests regularly. The current political climate is expected to bring new standardized tests. A national core curriculum is planned with more autonomy for local-level and school-level decisions.…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Educational History, Educational Testing, Educational Trends