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Jerrim, John; Parker, Philip; Choi, Alvaro; Chmielewski, Anna Katyn; Sälzer, Christine; Shure, Nikki – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2018
The Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) is an important international study of 15-olds' knowledge and skills. New results are released every 3 years, and have a substantial impact upon education policy. Yet, despite its influence, the methodology underpinning PISA has received significant criticism. Much of this criticism has…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Comparative Education, Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries
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Rutkowski, David; Rutkowski, Leslie; Liaw, Yuan-Ling – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2018
Participation in international large-scale assessments has grown over time with the largest, the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), including more than 70 education systems that are economically and educationally diverse. To help accommodate for large achievement differences among participants, in 2009 PISA offered…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, Secondary School Students
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Vijver, Fons J. R. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2018
A conceptual framework of measurement bias in cross-cultural comparisons, distinguishing between construct, method, and item bias (differential item functioning), is used to describe a methodological framework addressing assessment of noncognitive variables in international large-scale studies. It is argued that the treatment of bias, coming from…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, International Assessment
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Frey, Andreas; Hartig, Johannes; Rupp, Andre A. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2009
In most large-scale assessments of student achievement, several broad content domains are tested. Because more items are needed to cover the content domains than can be presented in the limited testing time to each individual student, multiple test forms or booklets are utilized to distribute the items to the students. The construction of an…
Descriptors: Measures (Individuals), Test Construction, Theory Practice Relationship, Design
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Cizek, Gregory J. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2003
Responds to critiques of an earlier article on the unintended consequences of high-stakes testing. Reiterates the need to look for positive as well as negative consequences of high stakes testing and calls for balance between the role of large-scale assessment in identifying achievement deficits and the responsibility educational systems have to…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Educational Assessment, Elementary Secondary Education, High Stakes Tests
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Rich, William – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2003
Discusses current high-stakes standardized testing policy in response to G. Cizek through analogy with the policies of Chairman Mao in China and the decision to build the Maginot Line in France after World War I. Lessons from these events show that high-stakes policies skew outcomes and present high risk. (SLD)
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Educational Assessment, Elementary Secondary Education, High Stakes Tests
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Camilli, Gregory – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2003
Although G. Cizek's article balances positive consequences for high-stakes testing against anti-testing criticisms, there is no evidence that high-stakes testing per se has substantial positive consequences. There is, however, optimism that aligned educational systems with testing as a component may lead to higher levels of student achievement.…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Educational Assessment, Elementary Secondary Education, High Stakes Tests
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Turlington, Ralph D. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1985
Testing programs enacted by the state legislature are changing and improving Florida's educational system in five areas: (1) setting standards for students; (2) making schools more accountable; (3) creating growth through competiton; (4) evaluating educational programs; and (5) assuring the competency of educators. (BS)
Descriptors: Accountability, Achievement Tests, Competency Based Education, Competition
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Forsyth, Robert A. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1991
The scales of the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), as constructed, do not yield meaningful criterion-referenced interpretations. Poorly defined NAEP goals and the present knowledge base do not allow the measurement of what examinees can and cannot do. Inappropriate interpretations of NAEP data are discussed, with specific…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Criterion Referenced Tests, Educational Assessment, Item Response Theory
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Plake, Barbara S. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1993
The development of a hypothetical testing program designed to provide optimum information about student achievement is chronicled. Computer adaptive testing and performance testing are postulated as part of the program. What optimum information really means is discussed. Optimum is only optimal when theory and application are balanced. (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Tests, Adaptive Testing, Computer Assisted Testing
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Burger, Susan E.; Burger, Donald L. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1994
One means of establishing the validity of performance-based assessments is to determine whether the criteria for basic competencies on performance tests are reasonable in relation to expected (nationally normed) age-level performance. Links between performances on three assessments in Michigan and the Comprehensive Tests of Basic Skills illustrate…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Age Differences, Competence, Criteria
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Popham, W. James – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1994
The instructional impact of criterion-referenced testing during the past three decades is reviewed, and a method of devising criterion-referenced tests is suggested that departs from the usual model. Adding verification along the lines of panel review that newly constructed test items do elicit appropriate information is suggested. (SLD)
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Criterion Referenced Tests, Educational Assessment, Educational Research
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Cannell, John Jacob – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1988
Four publishers responding to the previous discussion agreed that American elementary achievement has improved, but evidence presented by the Secretary of Education confirms that few real improvements have occurred since "Nation at Risk." Commercial achievement tests provide falsely high scores (the Lake Wobegon Effect). (SLD)
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Educational Assessment, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students
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Madaus, George F. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1985
Since the 1970s, policymakers have learned that test results can be used as an administrative mechanism to implement policy. A national system of external certification tests would involve several problems: (1) absence of independent examination boards; (2) negative impact on teaching; (3) tendency to elitism; (4) competition for RFP's; and (5)…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Certification, Educational Assessment, Educational Change
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Yen, Wendy M. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1988
In their discussion of problems related to identifying learning disabilities with individually administered achievement tests, Phillips and Clarizio incorrectly conclude that developmental standard score scales produce unrealistic expectations for the growth of low-achieving students. By definition, these scores state how much the norm group's…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Gains, Achievement Tests, Educational Assessment
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