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Wilson, Mark – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2018
This article is a written version of the Presidential Address I gave at the annual meeting of the National Council on Measurement in Education (NCME) in April 2017. It is a call to NCME members (and others who read this, of course) to rebalance their focus so that classroom assessments are seen as being at least as important as large-scale…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Student Evaluation, Alignment (Education), Educational Practices
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Bachman, Lyle F. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2002
Describes an approach to addressing issues of validity of inferences and the extrapolation of inferences to target domains beyond the assessment for alternative assessments. Makes the case that in both language testing and educational assessment the roles of language and content knowledge must be considered, and that the design and development of…
Descriptors: Alternative Assessment, Educational Assessment, Inferences, Performance Based Assessment
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Stiggins, Richard J. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2001
Reviews the status of classroom assessment, focusing on the review of four key research summaries that describe the dismal state of classroom assessment in the past century. Cites four important developments as reasons for optimism about the future of classroom assessment and details a five-part action plan for achieving the untapped potential of…
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Educational Assessment, Educational Planning, Educational Research
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Kolen, Michael J. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2001
Discusses some practical issues in linking educational assessments, focusing on the importance of clarity of purpose when assessments are linked. Also stresses the importance of the design used to collect data for linking. Uses linking studies from a variety of situations to illustrate these points. (SLD)
Descriptors: Data Collection, Educational Assessment, Equated Scores, Research Design
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Brennan, Robert L. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1998
Explores the relationship between measurement theory and practice, considering five broad categories of: (1) models, assumptions, and terminology; (2) reliability; (3) validity; (4) scaling; and (5) setting performance standards. It must be recognized that measurement is not an end in itself. (SLD)
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Educational Practices, Measurement Techniques, Models
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Tittle, Carol Kehr – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1989
An expanded framework for validating tests is needed to include the perspectives of teachers and students as well as of test makers and scientists. The development of educational assessments must take place within an understanding of how tests are used in context. (SLD)
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation Utilization, Learning Processes
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Popham, W. James – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1997
The concept of consequential validity wrongly links the idea of the consequences of test use with the idea of validity, widely held to be rooted in the accuracy of inferences drawn from examinees' test performances. The reification of consequential validity can distract from a needed clarity about test use consequences. (SLD)
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Educational Testing, Elementary Secondary Education, Inferences
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Plake, Barbara S. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1993
The development of a hypothetical testing program designed to provide optimum information about student achievement is chronicled. Computer adaptive testing and performance testing are postulated as part of the program. What optimum information really means is discussed. Optimum is only optimal when theory and application are balanced. (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Tests, Adaptive Testing, Computer Assisted Testing
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Lane, Suzanne – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1993
A conceptual framework is presented for the development of the Quantitative Understanding: Amplifying Student Achievement and Reasoning (QUASAR) Cognitive Assessment Instrument (QCAI) that focuses on the ability of middle-school students to problem solve, reason, and communicate mathematically. The instrument will provide programatic rather than…
Descriptors: Communication (Thought Transfer), Concept Formation, Educational Assessment, Junior High Schools
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Linn, Robert L.; Burton, Elizabeth – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1994
Generalizability of performance-based assessment scores across raters and tasks is examined, focusing on implications of generalizability analyses for specific uses and interpretations of assessment results. Although it seems probable that assessment conditions, task characteristics, and interactions with instructional experiences affect the…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Educational Experience, Generalizability Theory, Interaction
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Reckase, Mark D. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1995
An example application of portfolio assessment was developed and the model and estimates of reliability derived from the literature were then used to estimate the characteristics of an operational large-scale portfolio assessment program. Costs were estimated to put results in a realistic context. (SLD)
Descriptors: Cost Estimates, Educational Assessment, Educational Theories, Models
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Madaus, George F. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1985
Since the 1970s, policymakers have learned that test results can be used as an administrative mechanism to implement policy. A national system of external certification tests would involve several problems: (1) absence of independent examination boards; (2) negative impact on teaching; (3) tendency to elitism; (4) competition for RFP's; and (5)…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Certification, Educational Assessment, Educational Change
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Mehrens, William A. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1990
Characteristics/roles of the National Council on Measurement in Education (NCME) were compared to those of other, similar professional organizations, using data from 24 completed informal surveys. The other organizations include American Educational Research Association, American Psychological Association, and Association for Measurement and…
Descriptors: Agency Role, Comparative Analysis, Educational Assessment, Educational Research
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Tittle, Carol Kehr; And Others – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1993
Major changes in educational and psychological theories that have come about since the cognitive and affective taxonomies of educational objectives were published in 1956 and 1964 are traced. The changes emphasize the need to understand thinking in the context of students' beliefs and self-directed cognitions. (SLD)
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Affective Behavior, Classification, Classroom Research