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Bakker, Steven – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2012
A particular trait of the educational system under socialist reign was accountability at the input side--appropriate facilities, centrally decided curriculum, approved text-books, and uniformly trained teachers--but no control on the output. It was simply assumed that it met the agreed standards, which was, in turn, proven by the statistics…
Descriptors: Accountability, Social Problems, Ethics, Foreign Students
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Wu, Margaret – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2010
In large-scale assessments, such as state-wide testing programs, national sample-based assessments, and international comparative studies, there are many steps involved in the measurement and reporting of student achievement. There are always sources of inaccuracies in each of the steps. It is of interest to identify the source and magnitude of…
Descriptors: Testing Programs, Educational Assessment, Measures (Individuals), Program Effectiveness