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Citron, Christiane H. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1983
The Debra P. versus Turlington case marked the first major inquiry into content validity of a student competency testing program. The Florida federal district court determined material assessed on the test had been taught in Florida's classrooms. Schools may deny regular diplomas to students who fail the test. (DWH)
Descriptors: Court Litigation, Graduation Requirements, High Schools, Minimum Competency Testing
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Fisher, Thomas H. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1983
Instructional validity of the Florida graduation test and the degree to which students were given proper preparation to pass it were studied. The Florida model illustrates procedures are available to demonstrate to the court that required skills are being taught to prepare students for success on competency tests. (DWH)
Descriptors: Competency Based Education, Court Litigation, Graduation Requirements, High Schools
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Popham, W. James – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1983
Developers of high stakes criterion-referenced tests are urged to formulate test tasks so that efficient instruction can promote student mastery of the domain. Time-on-task has been promoted by instructional psychologists as preferable to test teaching. (DWH)
Descriptors: Competency Based Education, Criterion Referenced Tests, Educational Objectives, Instructional Improvement
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Calfee, Robert – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1983
Florida mandated high school competency tests in 1978. Evidence presented in the court case of Debra P. versus Turlington indicated students learn what they are taught. Low failure districts reported more concentration on basic skills. The issue of educational equity versus educational excellence has not been more resolved. (DWH)
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Competency Based Education, Court Litigation, Educational Change
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Lott, Winsor – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1983
The Florida Court decision reaffirms a state's right to impose a diploma sanction when competency tests are valid. Testing specialists now have a precedent for demonstrating curricular and instructional validity. Competency testing programs are a useful method for implementing instructional improvements. (DWH)
Descriptors: Court Litigation, Educational Change, Equal Education, Graduation Requirements
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Mueller, Siegfried – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1983
Instructional validity indicates that a district is testing what is taught. Minimum standards of fairness in pursuing educational equity are proposed. The standards include efforts to remediate students who fail competency tests, use instructional validity studies; present an adequate opportunity to learn, make an appropriate use of results, and…
Descriptors: Educational Discrimination, Equal Education, Minimum Competency Testing, Remedial Programs
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Citron, Christiane Hyde – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 1982
Five legal principles (and cases establishing them) on the use of competency testing in student placement or for graduation are discussed. The principles address the constitutionality of appropriate use, adequate notice to students, prohibition of effects of past racial discrimination, graduation test validity, and requirements for handicapped…
Descriptors: Competency Based Education, Constitutional Law, Court Litigation, Educational Legislation