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West, Stephen G.; Hughes, Jan N.; Kim, Han Joe; Bauer, Shelby S. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2019
The Motivation for Educational Attainment (MEA) questionnaire, developed to assess facets related to early adolescents' motivation to complete high school, has a bifactor structure with a large general factor and three smaller orthogonal specific factors (teacher expectations, peer aspirations, value of education). This prospective validity study…
Descriptors: Student Motivation, Educational Attainment, Questionnaires, Adolescent Attitudes
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Zhang, Mo; Bennett, Randy E.; Deane, Paul; van Rijn, Peter W. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2019
This study compared gender groups on the processes used in writing essays in an online assessment. Middle-school students from four grades responded to essays in two persuasive subgenres, argumentation and policy recommendation. Writing processes were inferred from four indicators extracted from students' keystroke logs. In comparison to males, on…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Essays, Computer Assisted Testing, Persuasive Discourse
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An, Chen; Braun, Henry; Walsh, Mary E. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2018
Making causal inferences from a quasi-experiment is difficult. Sensitivity analysis approaches to address hidden selection bias thus have gained popularity. This study serves as an introduction to a simple but practical form of sensitivity analysis using Monte Carlo simulation procedures. We examine estimated treatment effects for a school-based…
Descriptors: Statistical Inference, Intervention, Program Effectiveness, Quasiexperimental Design
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Furtak, Erin Marie; Ruiz-Primo, Maria Araceli; Bakeman, Roger – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2017
Formative assessment is a classroom practice that has received much attention in recent years for its established potential at increasing student learning. A frequent analytic approach for determining the quality of formative assessment practices is to develop a coding scheme and determine frequencies with which the codes are observed; however,…
Descriptors: Sequential Approach, Formative Evaluation, Alternative Assessment, Incidence
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Lazowski, Rory A.; Barron, Kenneth E.; Kosovich, Jeff J.; Hulleman, Chris S. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2016
In an article published in "Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice," Gaertner and McClarty (2015) discuss a college readiness index based, in part, on nonacademic or noncognitive factors measured in middle school. Such an index is laudable as it incorporates important constructs beyond academic achievement measures that may be…
Descriptors: College Readiness, Measures (Individuals), Student Motivation, Validity
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Mattern, Krista; Allen, Jeff; Camara, Wayne – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2016
The findings of the Gaertner and McClarty article (2015) raised awareness on two extremely important topics related to college readiness: First, to effect change, we must measure students' progression towards college readiness throughout their K-12 career rather than just at the culmination of high school. Second, college readiness encompasses…
Descriptors: College Readiness, Middle School Students, Measures (Individuals), Progress Monitoring
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Gaertner, Matthew N.; McClarty, Katie Larsen – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2016
This rejoinder provides a reply to comments on a middle school college readiness index, which was devised to generate earlier and more nuanced readiness diagnoses to K-12 students. Issues of reliability and validity (including construct underrepresentation and construct-irrelevant variance) are discussed in detail. In addition, comments from…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, College Readiness, Measures (Individuals), Reliability
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McCaffrey, Daniel F.; Yuan, Kun; Savitsky, Terrance D.; Lockwood, J. R.; Edelen, Maria O. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2015
We examine the factor structure of scores from the CLASS-S protocol obtained from observations of middle school classroom teaching. Factor analysis has been used to support both interpretations of scores from classroom observation protocols, like CLASS-S, and the theories about teaching that underlie them. However, classroom observations contain…
Descriptors: Factor Structure, Multivariate Analysis, Scores, Factor Analysis
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Gaertner, Matthew N.; McClarty, Katie Larsen – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2015
Although college readiness is a centerpiece of major educational initiatives such as the Common Core State Standards, few systems have been implemented to track children's progress toward this goal. Instead, college-readiness information is typically conveyed late in a student's high-school career, and tends to focus solely on academic…
Descriptors: College Readiness, Progress Monitoring, Middle School Students, Longitudinal Studies
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Bradshaw, Laine; Izsák, Andrew; Templin, Jonathan; Jacobson, Erik – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2014
We report a multidimensional test that examines middle grades teachers' understanding of fraction arithmetic, especially multiplication and division. The test is based on four attributes identified through an analysis of the extensive mathematics education research literature on teachers' and students' reasoning in this content…
Descriptors: Middle School Teachers, Numbers, Arithmetic, Multiplication
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Murphy, Daniel L.; Gaertner, Matthew N. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2014
This study evaluates four growth prediction models--projection, student growth percentile, trajectory, and transition table--commonly used to forecast (and give schools credit for) middle school students' future proficiency. Analyses focused on vertically scaled summative mathematics assessments, and two performance standards conditions (high…
Descriptors: Prediction, Models, Achievement Gains, Middle School Students