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Welsh, Megan E.; D'Agostino, Jerome V.; Kaniskan, Burcu – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2013
Standards-based progress reports (SBPRs) require teachers to grade students using the performance levels reported by state tests and are an increasingly popular report card format. They may help to increase teacher familiarity with state standards, encourage teachers to exclude nonacademic factors from grades, and/or improve communication with…
Descriptors: Grades (Scholastic), Grading, Report Cards, State Standards
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Ferrara, Steve; Svetina, Dubravka; Skucha, Sylvia; Davidson, Anne H. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2011
Items on test score scales located at and below the Proficient cut score define the content area knowledge and skills required to achieve proficiency. Alternately, examinees who perform at the Proficient level on a test can be expected to be able to demonstrate that they have mastered most of the knowledge and skills represented by the items at…
Descriptors: Knowledge Level, Mathematics Tests, Program Effectiveness, Inferences
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Briggs, Derek C.; Weeks, Jonathan P. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2009
Most growth models implicitly assume that test scores have been vertically scaled. What may not be widely appreciated are the different choices that must be made when creating a vertical score scale. In this paper empirical patterns of growth in student achievement are compared as a function of different approaches to creating a vertical scale.…
Descriptors: Scaling, Models, Longitudinal Studies, Academic Achievement
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Solano-Flores, Guillermo; Li, Min – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2009
We addressed the challenge of scoring cognitive interviews in research involving multiple cultural groups. We interviewed 123 fourth- and fifth-grade students from three cultural groups to probe how they related a mathematics item to their personal lives. Item meaningfulness--the tendency of students to relate the content and/or context of an item…
Descriptors: Generalizability Theory, Scoring, Error of Measurement, Grade 5
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Kato, Kentaro; Moen, Ross E.; Thurlow, Martha L. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2009
Large data sets from a state reading assessment for third and fifth graders were analyzed to examine differential item functioning (DIF), differential distractor functioning (DDF), and differential omission frequency (DOF) between students with particular categories of disabilities (speech/language impairments, learning disabilities, and emotional…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Language Impairments, Behavior Disorders, Affective Behavior
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Solano-Flores, Guillermo; Li, Min – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2006
We contend that generalizability (G) theory allows the design of psychometric approaches to testing English-language learners (ELLs) that are consistent with current thinking in linguistics. We used G theory to estimate the amount of measurement error due to code (language or dialect). Fourth- and fifth-grade ELLs, native speakers of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Grade 4, Grade 5, English (Second Language)
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Yovanoff, Paul; Duesbery, Luke; Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2005
This research investigates the relative importance of vocabulary and oral reading fluency as measurement dimensions of reading comprehension as the student passes from elementary to high school. Invariance of this model over grades 4 through 8 is tested using two independent student samples reading grade-level appropriate passages. Results from…
Descriptors: Grade 4, Educational Improvement, Vocabulary Development, Structural Equation Models