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Allen, Jeff; Mattern, Krista – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2019
We examined summary indices of high school performance (coursework, grades, and test scores) based on the graded response model (GRM). The indices varied by inclusion of ACT test scores and whether high school courses were constrained to have the same difficulty and discrimination across groups of schools. The indices were examined with respect to…
Descriptors: High School Students, Academic Achievement, Secondary School Curriculum, Difficulty Level
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Allen, Jeff; Mattern, Krista; Ndum, Edwin – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2019
We derived an index of high school academic rigor (HSAR) by optimizing the prediction of first-year college GPA (FYGPA) based on high school courses taken, grades, and indicators of advanced coursework. Using a large data set and nominal parameterization of high school course outcomes, the HSAR index capitalizes on differential contributions…
Descriptors: High Schools, Difficulty Level, Prediction, Grade Point Average
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Mattern, Krista; Radunzel, Justine; Bertling, Maria; Ho, Andrew D. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2018
The percentage of students retaking college admissions tests is rising. Researchers and college admissions offices currently use a variety of methods for summarizing these multiple scores. Testing organizations such as ACT and the College Board, interested in validity evidence like correlations with first-year grade point average (FYGPA), often…
Descriptors: College Admission, Scores, Correlation, College Entrance Examinations
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Mattern, Krista; Sanchez, Edgar; Ndum, Edwin – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2017
In the context of college admissions, the current study examined whether differential prediction of first-year grade point average (FYGPA) by gender could be explained by an omitted variable problem--namely, academic discipline, or the amount of effort a student puts into schoolwork and the degree to which a student sees him/herself as hardworking…
Descriptors: Females, Academic Achievement, Predictive Validity, Grade Point Average
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Mattern, Krista; Allen, Jeff; Camara, Wayne – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2016
The findings of the Gaertner and McClarty article (2015) raised awareness on two extremely important topics related to college readiness: First, to effect change, we must measure students' progression towards college readiness throughout their K-12 career rather than just at the culmination of high school. Second, college readiness encompasses…
Descriptors: College Readiness, Middle School Students, Measures (Individuals), Progress Monitoring