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Kan, Adnan; Bulut, Okan; Cormier, Damien C. – Educational Assessment, 2019
Item stem formats can alter the cognitive complexity as well as the type of abilities required for solving mathematics items. Consequently, it is possible that item stem formats can affect the dimensional structure of mathematics assessments. This empirical study investigated the relationship between item stem format and the dimensionality of…
Descriptors: Mathematics Tests, Test Items, Test Format, Problem Solving
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Buzick, Heather M. – Educational Assessment, 2019
Using two states' grades 3 through 8 state assessment databases, this study documents the extent to which students were assigned testing accommodations for ELA or mathematics in only one of two consecutive years. The percentage of students with disabilities who were assigned accommodations in the current year only or in the prior year only in a…
Descriptors: Testing Accommodations, Measurement, Academic Achievement, Academic Accommodations (Disabilities)
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Steedle, Jeffrey T.; Morrison, Kristin M. – Educational Assessment, 2019
Assessment items are commonly field tested prior to operational use to observe statistical item properties such as difficulty. Item parameter estimates from field testing may be used to assign scores via pre-equating or computer adaptive designs. This study examined differences between item difficulty estimates based on field test and operational…
Descriptors: Field Tests, Test Items, Statistics, Difficulty Level
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Zhang, Mo; van Rijn, Peter W.; Deane, Paul; Bennett, Randy E. – Educational Assessment, 2019
Writing from source text is critical for developing college-and-career readiness because it is required in advanced academic environments and many vocations. Scenario-based assessment (SBA) represents one approach to measuring this ability. In such assessment, the scenario presents an issue that the student is to read and write about. Before…
Descriptors: Writing Evaluation, Vignettes, Essays, Scores
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Soland, James; Jensen, Nate; Keys, Tran D.; Bi, Sharon Z.; Wolk, Emily – Educational Assessment, 2019
A vast literature investigates academic disengagement among students, including its ultimate manifestation, dropping out of school. Research also shows that test disengagement can be a problem for many inferences educators and policymakers wish to draw from test scores. However, few studies consider whether academic and test disengagement are…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Learner Engagement, Test Wiseness, Attendance
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Estaji, Masoomeh; Farahanynia, Mahsa – Educational Assessment, 2019
The present study aimed to investigate the effect of two major approaches of Dynamic Assessment, namely, interventionist and interactionist approaches, on learners' oral narrative performance and anxiety. To this end, 34 Iranian EFL learners were assigned to an Interactionist Group (InA.G) and Interventionist Group (InV.G). Initially, both groups…
Descriptors: Alternative Assessment, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Foreign Countries
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Jones, Eli; Bergin, Christi – Educational Assessment, 2019
In most U.S. schools, teachers are evaluated using observation of teaching practice (OTP). This study investigates rater effects on OTP ratings among 421 principals in an authentic teacher evaluation system. Many-facet Rasch analysis (MFR) using a block of shared ratings revealed that principals generally (a) differentiated between more and less…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Classroom Observation Techniques, Item Response Theory, School Districts
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Wackerle-Hollman, Alisha; Durán, Lillian; Brunner, Stephanie; Palma, Jose; Kohlmeier, Theresa; Rodriguez, Michael C. – Educational Assessment, 2019
Spanish speakers in the United States are a steadily increasing population, up by 233% since 1980. Given the growing population of dual language learners (DLLs) and the large numbers of Spanish-speaking children enrolled in pre-kindergarten programs, addressing the educational needs of preschool-aged DLLs has become a national imperative.…
Descriptors: Spanish, Spanish Speaking, English, Bilingual Students
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Turkan, Sultan; Lopez, Alexis; Lawless, Rene; Tolentino, Florencia – Educational Assessment, 2019
In this article we explore the use of pictorial glossaries as an accommodation for English learners (ELs) with entry and emerging levels of English language proficiency. Drawing on survey responses from 98 middle school ELs and cognitive interviews with 10 of the survey participants, we examined the participants' preferences and experiences with…
Descriptors: Glossaries, Pictorial Stimuli, English Language Learners, Language Proficiency
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Scoular, Claire; Care, Esther – Educational Assessment, 2019
Recent educational and psychological research has highlighted shifting workplace requirements and change required to equip the emerging workforce with skills for the 21st century. The emergence of these highlights the issues, and drives the importance, of new methods of assessment. This study addresses some of the issues by describing a scoring…
Descriptors: Cooperation, Problem Solving, Scoring, 21st Century Skills
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Pastor, Dena A.; Ong, Thai Q.; Strickman, Scott N. – Educational Assessment, 2019
The trustworthiness of low-stakes assessment results largely depends on examinee effort, which can be measured by the amount of time examinees devote to items using solution behavior (SB) indices. Because SB indices are calculated for each item, they can be used to understand how examinee motivation changes across items within a test. Latent class…
Descriptors: Behavior Patterns, Test Items, Time, Response Style (Tests)
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Kaufman, Julia H.; Engberg, John; Hamilton, Laura S.; Yuan, Kun; Hill, Heather C. – Educational Assessment, 2019
High-quality measures of instructional practice are essential for research and evaluation of innovative instructional policies and programs. However, existing measures have generally proven inadequate because of cost and validity issues. This paper addresses two potential drawbacks of survey self-report measures: variation in teachers'…
Descriptors: Measurement Techniques, Vignettes, Teacher Surveys, Teacher Evaluation
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Bond, Mark; Garberoglio, Carrie-Lou; Schoffstall, Sarah; Caemmerer, Jackie; Cawthon, Stephanie – Educational Assessment, 2018
Autonomy describes cognition or behavior that is self-directed, according to personal interests, and free from external influence. This construct is of importance to students who are deaf because it has been shown to be positively related to their post-school transition outcomes, and this population faces unique challenges in this area. To conduct…
Descriptors: Test Validity, Personal Autonomy, Self Determination, Measures (Individuals)
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Mantzicopoulos, Panayota; French, Brian F.; Patrick, Helen; Watson, J. Samuel; Ahn, Inok – Educational Assessment, 2018
To meet recent accountability mandates, school districts are implementing assessment frameworks to document teachers' effectiveness. Observational assessments play a key role in this process, albeit without compelling evidence of their psychometric rigor. Using a sample of kindergarten teachers, we employed Generalizability theory to investigate…
Descriptors: Preschool Teachers, Kindergarten, Teacher Effectiveness, Generalizability Theory
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Leighton, Jacqueline P.; Guo, Qi; Chu, Man-Wai; Tang, Wei – Educational Assessment, 2018
Assessment of student learning outcomes is often discussed in relation to curriculum, standards and even administration practices. However, assessment of learning outcomes is rarely discussed in light of students' socio-emotional contexts, which might help or hinder learning outcomes. For example, do students' perceptions of the teacher as…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Academic Achievement, Structural Equation Models, Well Being
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