ERIC Number: EJ1162695
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
K-12 School Diversity and Social Cohesion: Evidence in Support of a Compelling State Interest
Mikulyuk, Ashley B.; Braddock, Jomills H.
Education and Urban Society, v50 n1 p5-37 Jan 2018
Despite existing research that demonstrates the benefits of racial diversity in education, the Court has become increasingly disinclined to allow the use of race or ethnicity in education policy targeted to increase race/ethnic diversity, absent a compelling state interest. The debate over the merits of educational diversity has almost exclusively focused on individual-level outcomes, ignoring consequences for society at large. We argue that this restricted conception of the goals of diversity may limit our understanding of how diverse learning opportunities represent compelling societal interests. Using macro-level data of 29 U.S. metropolitan areas, we examine the societal impact of K-12 diversity on an important societal attribute, intergroup social cohesion. This research has the potential to inform education policy and judicial sentiment about diversity as a compelling state interest in an increasingly diverse society.
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Diversity (Institutional), Metropolitan Areas, Social Integration, Race, Ethnicity, Racial Attitudes, Racial Integration, Desegregation Effects, School Desegregation, Court Litigation, Affirmative Action, College Admission, Educational Policy, Citizenship, Constitutional Law, Least Squares Statistics, Regression (Statistics), Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Bakke v Regents of University of California; Hopwood v Texas; Gratz et al v Bollinger et al; Grutter et al v Bollinger et al; Fourteenth Amendment