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Hung, Man; Smith, William A.; Voss, Maren W.; Franklin, Jeremy D.; Gu, Yushan; Bounsanga, Jerry – Education and Urban Society, 2020
This study examined factors contributing to achievement gaps between White and African American students in 2,868 diverse school districts across the United States. Using pooled data across five school years (2008-2013), six grade levels (grades third to eighth, which typically include students aged 8 years-14 years) and two different subjects…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, White Students, African American Students, Racial Differences
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Bell, Perry J.; White, Gwyne W.; Hatchimonji, Danielle R.; Stepney, Cesalie T.; Linsky, Arielle V.; Vaid, Esha; Elias, Maurice J. – Education and Urban Society, 2019
Many Latino students miss opportunities to develop their full potential in U.S. schools. Increasing attention is being paid to the malleable, nonacademic, factors that can affect student learning. The current study sought to evaluate the impact of school climate on Language Arts grade for Latino students in a large, low-income, urban middle…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Hispanic American Students, Educational Environment, Language Arts
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Clarke, Frederick C.; Burt, Walter L. – Education and Urban Society, 2019
Charter schools in urban environments have been scrutinized for their effectiveness. This study attempted to determine whether students attending Midwestern urban charter schools outperformed students in traditional schools on the state's accountability system over a 5-year time period. Using a quasi-experimental research design, data were…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Attendance, Urban Schools, Transfer Students
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Wilcox, Kristen Campbell – Education and Urban Society, 2015
This yearlong ethnographic case study investigated higher and lower track adolescents' experiences with core content-area (social studies, science, and math) writing in one urban working-class district. Teacher, student, and administrator interviews; field notes; and students' written work comprised the data set. The findings from this…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, Secondary Schools, Case Studies, Ethnography
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Genao, Soribel – Education and Urban Society, 2015
Students across the nation are encountering more and more difficulties in their transition to high school. Not only are a significant number of students dropping out, but those who stay are also leaving high school without the skills they need to become productive citizens. Several intervention strategies are recommended to help students make a…
Descriptors: Data Collection, Middle School Students, High School Students, Principals
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Davis, Tomeka M. – Education and Urban Society, 2014
Three arguments regarding racial equity have arisen in the school choice debate. Choice advocates charge that choice will improve access to quality schools for disadvantaged minority students (Chubb & Moe 1990; Coons & Sugarman, 1978; Godwin & Kemerer, 2002; Viteritti, 1999). Critics argue that choice is unlikely to benefit minority…
Descriptors: School Choice, Magnet Schools, Equal Education, School Segregation
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Franco, M. Suzanne; Seidel, Kent – Education and Urban Society, 2014
Value-added approaches for attributing student growth to teachers often use weighted estimates of building-level factors based on "typical" schools to represent a range of community, school, and other variables related to teacher and student work that are not easily measured directly. This study examines whether such estimates are likely…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Academic Achievement, Models, Computation
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Padrón, Yolanda N.; Waxman, Hersh C.; Lee, Yuan-Hsuan – Education and Urban Society, 2014
The lack of achievement of students from high-risk and high-poverty environments necessitates changes in today's middle school environments to create a caring, supportive environment where all middle school students can succeed. This study investigated the classroom learning environments of resilient, average, and nonresilient minority students in…
Descriptors: Educational Environment, Resilience (Psychology), Middle School Students, At Risk Students
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Hilberth, Michele; Slate, John R. – Education and Urban Society, 2014
Disciplinary consequences assigned to all Texas middle school Black and White students ("n" = 172,551 Grade 6 students; 173,671 Grade 7 students; 175,730 Grade 8 students) for the 2008-2009 school year were analyzed to determine the extent to which statistically significant differences were present between the proportion of Black…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Discipline, Suspension, African American Students
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Badgett, Kevin; Harrell, Scott; Carman, Carol A.; Lyles, Lance – Education and Urban Society, 2012
In the performance-driven culture of education today, though arguments regarding the definition of student success abound, few argue its importance. This issue is complicated with an additional dimension for those who are learning English as a second language. For those students who lack proficiency in the English language, academic content must…
Descriptors: Reading Tests, Standardized Tests, Limited English Speaking, English Language Learners
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Gastic, Billie – Education and Urban Society, 2011
This article argues that metal detectors bestow an organizational stigma to schools. One symptom of this is students' heightened level of fear at school. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) and a matched-pair design, this study finds that metal detectors are negatively correlated with students' sense…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, Rural Schools, Violence, School Safety
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Smith, Joshua S.; Estudillo, Antonio G.; Kang, Hyunchang – Education and Urban Society, 2011
Having a positive attitude about school, valuing school, and being intrinsically motivated is associated with higher grades, graduation, and college attendance. However, the literature reveals that these characteristics and attitudes are not uniform across race, class, and gender. The purpose of the current study was to examine racial differences…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Grade 8, Student Attitudes, Student School Relationship