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Shulman, Vivian; Sullivan, Susan – Education and Urban Society, 2015
This study examines two case studies of failed leadership in school-based professional development. We describe the two initiatives and look to current leadership theories to help account for the events that occurred. The sociologist Bourdieu's concept of "habitus" offers an approach to understanding the relationship between individual…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Instructional Leadership, Failure, Theories
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Shulman, Vivian; Armitage, Deirdre – Education and Urban Society, 2005
This study reports on a 5-year project to improve urban, middle-level student achievement through the implementation of two initiatives. First, teachers at a participating New York City middle school engaged in weekly curriculum-planning workshops to reformulate classroom curricula into interdisciplinary, discovery-oriented activities. Second,…
Descriptors: State Standards, Undergraduate Students, Tutoring, Academic Achievement
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Sullivan, Susan; Shulman, Vivian; Glanz, Jeffrey – Education and Urban Society, 2002
Examined the extent of implementation of the 1995-00 United Federation of Teachers-New York City contract agreement on annual teacher performance reviews, identifying factors impacting implementation. Survey and interview data indicate that few schools are implementing the performance review option, mainly due to lack of adequate training. Lack of…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Faculty Development, Performance Based Assessment, Public Schools