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ERIC Number: EJ1213231
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-2000-4508
International Politics and National Reforms: The Dynamics between "Competence" and the "Inclusive School" in Norwegian Education Policies
Arnesen, Anne-Lise
Education Inquiry, v2 n2 p193-206 2011
In this article, inclusive education is analysed from the perspective of the interlinked, dynamic relationship between international neo-liberal movements and national policies and practices. The aim is to explore the significance of "competence" in recent Norwegian reforms and the changing position attributed to inclusion. The analysis shows that during a very short period from 1997 to the present date Norway has seen a rapid change from a highly state-regulated system with an expressed emphasis on inclusive education policies to one of decentralisation, with an emphasis on competencies, differences and individualisation. I discuss the impact of international studies on national reforms in neo-liberal direction and the implications of such reforms for inclusive education policies and practices in Norway.
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 530 Walnut Street Suite 850, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Tel: 215-625-8900; Fax: 215-207-0050; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Norway