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Varjo, Janne; Kalalahti, Mira – Education Inquiry, 2019
Since the 1980s, numerous education reforms in Europe and beyond have sought to dismantle centralised bureaucracies and replace them with devolved systems of schooling that emphasise parental choice and competition between diversified types of schools. Despite this general trend, Finland continues to emphasise the municipal assignment of school…
Descriptors: Municipalities, Educational Change, School Choice, Administrative Organization
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Mølstad, Christina Elde; Hansén, Sven-Erik – Education Inquiry, 2013
Traditionally, the Nordic curriculum has been viewed as a document with school subjects in focus. This article reports on how two national curricula function as instruments for governing education and explores the possible differences in how national curricula govern education. This investigation was carried out by researching curricula for…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Education, National Curriculum, Governance
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Hudson, Christine – Education Inquiry, 2011
Public sector reform involving decentralisation and marketisation has led to "soft" indirect forms of governance aimed at steering more fragmented systems. Although based on information and guidance rather than hierarchy and legislation, these new methods of regulating through evaluation and quality control may be as powerful as more…
Descriptors: Governance, Compulsory Education, Educational Change, Administrative Organization