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Zehner, Fabian; Goldhammer, Frank; Lubaway, Emily; Sälzer, Christine – Education Inquiry, 2019
In 2015, the "Programme for International Student Assessment" (PISA) introduced multiple changes in its study design, the most extensive being the transition from paper- to computer-based assessment. We investigated the differences between German students' text responses to eight reading items from the paper-based study in 2012 to text…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, International Assessment, Secondary School Students
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Niemi, Pia-Maria – Education Inquiry, 2017
The question of how students' sense of membership and connectedness to their school can be supported through school practices concerns educational contexts internationally. According to the Programme of International Student Achievement test, students' experiences of school belonging have decreased and polarized in many of the participating…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Social Integration, Foreign Countries, Student School Relationship
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Harju-Luukkainen, Heidi; Vettenranta, Jouni; Ouakrim-Soivio, Najat; Bernelius, Venla – Education Inquiry, 2016
In Finland, the national Core Curriculum for Basic Education defines the learning objectives along with the numerical grade to be given for good competence in each school subject in the final phase of basic education. While serving as a guideline for schools and teachers, it should also ensure an objective evaluation of all students in Finland. In…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Reading Achievement, Scores, Grades (Scholastic)