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Gleason, Philip M.; Tuttle, Christina Clark; Gill, Brian; Nichols-Barrer, Ira; Teh, Bing-ru – Education Finance and Policy, 2014
The Knowledge Is Power Program (KIPP) is an influential and rapidly growing nationwide network of charter schools serving primarily disadvantaged minority students. Prominent elements of KIPP's educational model include high expectations for student achievement and behavior, and a substantial increase in time in school. KIPP is being watched…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Disadvantaged Youth, Academic Achievement, Student Behavior
Chakrabarti, Rajashri; Livingston, Max; Roy, Joydeep – Education Finance and Policy, 2014
The Great Recession led to marked declines in state revenue. In this paper we investigate whether (and how) local school districts modified their funding and taxing decisions in response to state aid declines in the post-recession period. Our results reveal school districts responded to state aid cuts in the post-recession period by countering…
Descriptors: State Aid, Educational Finance, School Districts, Financial Support
Nelson, Ashlyn Aiko; Gazley, Beth – Education Finance and Policy, 2014
This paper examines voluntary contributions to public education via charitable school foundations, booster clubs, parent teacher associations, and parent teacher organizations. We use panel data on school-supporting charities with national coverage from 1995 to 2010, which we geocode and match to school districts. We document the meteoric rise of…
Descriptors: Nonprofit Organizations, Public Education, Donors, Financial Support
Downes, Tom; Killeen, Kieran M. – Education Finance and Policy, 2014
We examine changes in the use of nontax revenues for education finance from 1991 to 2010. Beyond the summary of usage over time, we ask whether nontraditional revenues like fees accentuate or mitigate the impact of downturns. More generally, we examine the extent to which school districts have responded to fiscal pressures by turning to nontax…
Descriptors: Public Education, Educational Finance, Taxes, Educational Equity (Finance)
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West, Kristine L. – Education Finance and Policy, 2014
Researchers have good data on teachers' annual salaries but a hazy understanding of teachers' hours of work. This makes it difficult to calculate an accurate hourly wage and leads policy makers to default to anecdote rather than fact when debating teacher pay. Using data from the American Time Use Survey, I find that teachers work an average of…
Descriptors: Working Hours, Teachers, Teacher Salaries, Elementary School Teachers
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Bifulco, Robert; Reback, Randall – Education Finance and Policy, 2014
This brief argues that charter school programs can have direct fiscal impacts on school districts for two reasons. First, operating two systems of public schools under separate governance arrangements can create excess costs. Second, charter school financing policies can distribute resources to or away from districts. Using the city school…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Educational Finance, Governance, Resources
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Steinberg, Matthew P. – Education Finance and Policy, 2014
School districts throughout the United States are increasingly providing greater autonomy to local public (non-charter) school principals. In 2005-06, Chicago Public Schools initiated the Autonomous Management and Performance Schools program, granting academic, programmatic, and operational freedoms to select principals. This paper provides…
Descriptors: Evidence, Budgets, Teaching Methods, Educational Strategies
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Zimmer, Ron; Gill, Brian; Attridge, Jonathon; Obenauf, Kaitlin – Education Finance and Policy, 2014
In the academic and policy debates over the merits of charter schools, two things are clear: First, they are here to stay and, second, their quality varies widely. Policy makers therefore need to understand how to design charter laws that promote the creation of high-performing schools. Crucial to this discussion is the charter authorizing…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Educational Quality, Public Officials, Educational Legislation
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Walsh, Patrick – Education Finance and Policy, 2014
This paper quantifies the extent to which unified teacher pay scales and differential alternatives produce opportunity costs that are asymmetric in math and verbal skills. Data from the Baccalaureate and Beyond 1997 and 2003 follow-ups are used to estimate a fully parametric, selection-corrected wage equation for nonteachers, which is then used to…
Descriptors: Teacher Salaries, Salary Wage Differentials, Mathematics Skills, Verbal Ability
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Ouazad, Amine – Education Finance and Policy, 2014
Do teachers assess same-race students more favorably? This paper uses nationally representative data on teacher assessments of student ability that can be compared with test scores to determine whether teachers give better assessments to same-race students. The data set follows students from kindergarten to grade 5, a period during which racial…
Descriptors: Race, Student Evaluation, Teacher Characteristics, Student Characteristics
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Henry, Gary T.; Bastian, Kevin C.; Fortner, C. Kevin; Kershaw, David C.; Purtell, Kelly M.; Thompson, Charles L.; Zulli, Rebecca A. – Education Finance and Policy, 2014
State policies affect the qualifications of beginning teachers in numerous ways, including regulating entry requirements, providing incentives for graduate degrees, and subsidizing preparation programs at public universities. In this paper we assess how these policy choices affect student achievement, specifically comparing traditionally prepared…
Descriptors: Teacher Qualifications, Beginning Teachers, Preservice Teacher Education, Public Colleges
Conlin, Michael; Thompson, Paul N. – Education Finance and Policy, 2014
We consider issues of equality and efficiency in two different school funding systems--a state-level system in Michigan and a foundation system in Ohio. Unlike Ohio, the Michigan system restricts districts from generating property or income tax revenue to fund operating expenditures. In both states, districts fund capital expenditures with local…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Educational Equity (Finance), Financial Support, State Aid
Zabel, Jeffrey – Education Finance and Policy, 2014
I investigate a possible unintended consequence of Proposition 2½ override behavior--that it led to increased segregation in school districts in Massachusetts. This can occur because richer, low-minority towns tend to have more successful override votes that attract similar households with relatively high demands for public services who can afford…
Descriptors: State Legislation, Educational Finance, School Districts, Enrollment Trends
Eom, Tae Ho; Duncombe, William; Nguyen-Hoang, Phuong; Yinger, John – Education Finance and Policy, 2014
New York's School Tax Relief Program, STAR, provides state-funded property tax relief for homeowners. Like a matching grant, STAR changes the price of education, thereby altering the incentives of voters and school officials and leading to unintended consequences. Using data for New York State school districts before and after STAR was…
Descriptors: Taxes, State Aid, Housing, Ownership
Nguyen-Hoang, Phuong – Education Finance and Policy, 2014
This is the first study to directly examine the relationship between tax increment financing (TIF) and education expenditures, using the state of Iowa as a case study. I find that greater use of TIF is associated with reduced education expenditures. I also find little evidence to support the commonly held proposition that school spending increases…
Descriptors: Taxes, Educational Finance, Income, School Districts
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