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Cannata, Marisa; Engel, Mimi – Education Finance and Policy, 2012
The academic success of any school depends on its teachers. However, relatively little research exists on the qualities principals value in teacher hiring, and we know almost nothing about charter school principals' preferences. This article addresses this gap in the literature using survey results for a matched sample of charter and traditional…
Descriptors: Enrollment, Charter Schools, Personnel Selection, Teaching Experience
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Loeb, Susanna – Education Finance and Policy, 2012
Students' experiences and the opportunities they have to learn rest on the quality of education decisions made in each classroom, in each school, in each district, and in each state, federal legislature, and department of education. The role of research and scholarship more broadly in education finance and policy is to inform these decisions for…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Educational Researchers, Role, Access to Information
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Stange, Kevin – Education Finance and Policy, 2012
This article examines the effect of institutional quality on the educational attainment of community college students, a large group that has been mostly overlooked in previous work. The effect of institutional quality is generally difficult to separate from that of student ability because more capable students usually sort into better colleges. A…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, College Students, Institutional Characteristics, Instructional Effectiveness
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Whitehurst, Grover J. – Education Finance and Policy, 2012
One of the major story lines of the growth of civilization is the advance of the experiment. From the food we eat to the diseases we conquer to our understanding of how we think and behave, we have profited enormously from an approach that marries our models of the world with tests of their validity through systematic variation to determine cause…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Experiments, Research Methodology, Scientific Attitudes
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Glazerman, Steven – Education Finance and Policy, 2012
Randomized trials are a common way to provide rigorous evidence on the impacts of education programs. This article discusses the trade-offs associated with study designs that involve random assignment of students within schools and describes the experience from one such study of Teach for America (TFA). The TFA experiment faced challenges with…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Research Design, Research Methodology, Experiments
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Harris, Douglas N.; Goldrick-Rab, Sara – Education Finance and Policy, 2012
Given scarce resources for evaluation, we recommend that education researchers more frequently conduct comprehensive randomized trials that generate evidence on how, why, and under what conditions interventions succeed or fail in producing effects. Recent experience evaluating a randomized need-based financial aid intervention highlights some of…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Productivity, Experiments, Research Methodology
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Ballou, Dale; Springer, Matthew G.; McCaffrey, Daniel F.; Lockwood, J. R.; Stecher, Brian M.; Hamilton, Laura; Pepper, Matthew – Education Finance and Policy, 2012
The Project on Incentives in Teaching (POINT) was a three-year study testing the hypothesis that rewarding teachers for improved student scores on standardized tests would cause scores to rise. Results, as described in Springer et al. (2010b), did not confirm this hypothesis. In this article we provide additional information on the POINT study…
Descriptors: Teaching (Occupation), Standardized Tests, Scores, Rewards
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Cantrell, Steven M. – Education Finance and Policy, 2012
The Measures of Effective Teaching project has collected performance data using multiple indicators from over three thousand teachers across six urban districts. In the second year of the study, classes of students were randomly assigned to teachers in order to assess the impact of assignment bias on performance judgments. This article discusses…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Teacher Evaluation, Educational Research, Experiments
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Schanzenbach, Diane Whitmore – Education Finance and Policy, 2012
Research based on randomized experiments (along with high-quality quasi-experiments) has gained traction in education circles in recent years. There is little doubt this has been driven in large part by the shift in research funding strategy by the Department of Education's Institute of Education Sciences under Grover Whitehurst's lead, described…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Educational Researchers, Quasiexperimental Design, Educational Trends
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Grissom, Jason A.; Reininger, Michelle – Education Finance and Policy, 2012
While a large literature examines the factors that lead teachers to leave teaching, few studies have examined what factors affect teachers' decisions to reenter the profession. Drawing on research on the role of family characteristics in predicting teacher work behavior, we examine predictors of reentry. We employ survival analysis of time to…
Descriptors: Females, Experienced Teachers, Child Rearing, Predictor Variables
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Justman, Moshe; Gilboa, Yaakov – Education Finance and Policy, 2012
We compare the link between parents' schooling and their children's college-entrance test scores in Israeli kibbutzim (communal villages) and in the general population. Though kibbutzim are committed to an egalitarian ethos and provide all kibbutz children with similar need-based access to educational resources, we still find a substantial link…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Foreign Countries, Public Policy, Educational Resources
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Chingos, Matthew M.; West, Martin R. – Education Finance and Policy, 2012
We examine earnings records for more than 130,000 classroom teachers employed by Florida public schools between the 2001-2 and 2006-7 school years, roughly 35,000 of whom left the classroom during that time. A majority of those leaving the classroom remained employed by public school districts. Among teachers in grades 4-8 leaving for other…
Descriptors: Teaching (Occupation), Teacher Salaries, Teacher Effectiveness, Grade 4
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Weiss, Michael J.; May, Henry – Education Finance and Policy, 2012
As test-based educational accountability has moved to the forefront of national and state education policy, so has the desire for better measures of school performance. No Child Left Behind's (NCLB) status and safe harbor measures have been criticized for being unfair and unreliable, respectively. In response to such criticism, in 2005 the federal…
Descriptors: Federal Government, Accountability, Performance Based Assessment, Federal Programs
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Winters, Marcus A.; Greene, Jay P. – Education Finance and Policy, 2012
We use a regression discontinuity strategy to produce causal estimates for the effect of remediation under Florida's test-based promotion policy on multiple outcomes for up to five years after the intervention. Students subjected to the policy were retained in the third grade, were required to be assigned to a high-quality teacher during the…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Mathematics Achievement, Intervention, Remedial Instruction
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Sexton, Thomas R.; Comunale, Christie L.; Gara, Stephen C. – Education Finance and Policy, 2012
We propose an efficiency-based mechanism for state funding of public colleges and universities using data envelopment analysis. We describe the philosophy and the mathematics that underlie the approach and apply\break the proposed model to data from 362 U.S. public four-year colleges and universities. The model provides incentives to institution…
Descriptors: Productivity, Higher Education, Educational Quality, Transportation
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