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Showing 1 to 15 of 28 results Save | Export
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Özek, Umut; Xu, Zeyu – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
The federal Race to the Top competition provided significant impetus for states to adopt value-added models as a part of their teacher evaluation systems. Such models typically link students to their teachers in the spring semester when statewide tests are administered and estimate a teacher's performance based on his or her students' learning…
Descriptors: Teacher Evaluation, Value Added Models, Misconceptions, Attribution Theory
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Clotfelter, Charles T.; Hemelt, Steven W.; Ladd, Helen F. – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
We explore the effects of a statewide policy change that increased the number of high school math courses required for admission to four-year public universities in North Carolina. Using data on cohorts of eighth-grade students from 1999 to 2006, we exploit variation by district over time in the math course-taking environment encountered by…
Descriptors: College Admission, Admission Criteria, Secondary School Mathematics, Public Colleges
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Dougherty, Shaun M. – Education Finance and Policy, 2018
Earlier work demonstrates that career and technical education (CTE) can provide long-term financial benefits to participants, yet few have explored potential academic impacts, with none in the era of high-stakes accountability. This paper investigates the causal impact of participating in a specialized high school-based CTE delivery system on high…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Human Capital, Evidence, Outcomes of Education
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Corcoran, Sean Patrick; Baker-Smith, E. Christine – Education Finance and Policy, 2018
New York City's public specialized high schools have a long history of offering a rigorous, college preparatory education to the city's most academically talented students. Though immensely popular and highly selective, their policy of admitting students using a single entrance exam has raised questions about diversity and equity in access. In…
Descriptors: High School Students, Special Schools, College Preparation, Selective Admission
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Smith, Jonathan – Education Finance and Policy, 2018
To demonstrate the sequential nature of the college application process, in this paper I analyze the evolution of applications among high-achieving low-income students through data on the exact timing of SAT score sends. I describe at what point students send scores to colleges and which score sends ultimately become applications, resulting in…
Descriptors: College Applicants, High Achievement, Low Income, High School Students
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Ladd, Helen F.; Sorensen, Lucy C. – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
Sorensen (corresponding author) Rockefeller College of Public Affairs and Policy University of Albany SUNY Albany, NY 12222 lsorensen@albany.edu Abstract We use rich longitudinally matched administrative data on students and teachers in North Carolina to examine the patterns of differential effectiveness by teachers' years of experience. The paper…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Teaching Experience, Middle School Teachers, Tests
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Anderson, Patricia M.; Butcher, Kristin F.; Schanzenbach, Diane Whitmore – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
This paper investigates how accountability pressures under No Child Left Behind (NCLB) may have affected students' rate of overweight. Schools facing pressure to improve academic outcomes may reallocate their efforts in ways that have unintended consequences for children's health. To examine the impact of school accountability, we create a unique…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Obesity, Accountability
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Grissom, Jason A.; Loeb, Susanna – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
Teacher effectiveness varies substantially, yet principals' evaluations of teachers often fail to differentiate performance among teachers. We offer new evidence on principals' subjective evaluations of their teachers' effectiveness using two sources of data from a large, urban district: principals' high-stakes personnel evaluations of teachers,…
Descriptors: Principals, Teacher Evaluation, Teacher Effectiveness, Urban Schools
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Ladd, Helen F.; Clotfelter, Charles T.; Holbein, John B. – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
A defining characteristic of charter schools is that they introduce a strong market element into public education. In this paper, we examine through the lens of a market model the evolution of the charter school sector in North Carolina between 1999 and 2012. We examine trends in the mix of students enrolled in charter schools, the racial…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Racial Composition, Scores, Tests
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Cascio, Elizabeth U.; Schanzenbach, Diane Whitmore – Education Finance and Policy, 2016
We estimate the effects of relative age in kindergarten using data from an experiment where children of the same age were randomly assigned to different kindergarten classmates. We exploit the resulting experimental variation in relative age in conjunction with variation in expected kindergarten entry age based on birth date to account for…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Age, School Entrance Age, Selective Admission
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Cohodes, Sarah R. – Education Finance and Policy, 2016
Recent work has shown that Boston charter schools raise standardized test scores more than their traditional school counterparts. Critics of charter schools argue that charter schools create those achievement gains by focusing exclusively on test preparation, at the expense of deeper learning. In this paper, I test that critique by estimating the…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Urban Schools, Standardized Tests, Scores
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Gershenson, Seth – Education Finance and Policy, 2016
Research on the effectiveness of educational inputs, particularly research on teacher effectiveness, typically overlooks teachers' potential impact on behavioral outcomes, such as student attendance. Using longitudinal data on teachers and students in North Carolina I estimate teacher effects on primary school student absences in a value-added…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Attendance Patterns, Academic Achievement, Outcomes of Education
Scott-Clayton, Judith; Rodriguez, Olga – Education Finance and Policy, 2015
Half of all college students will enroll in remedial coursework but evidence of its effectiveness is mixed. Using a regression-discontinuity design with data from a large urban community college system, we make three contributions. First, we articulate three alternative hypotheses regarding the potential impacts of remediation. Second, in addition…
Descriptors: College Programs, Remedial Programs, Educational Policy, Evidence
Martorell, Paco; McFarlin, Isaac, Jr.; Xue, Yu – Education Finance and Policy, 2015
About one third of college students are required to take remedial courses. Assignment to remediation is generally made on the basis of performance on a placement exam. When students are required to take a placement exam "prior" to enrolling in college-level courses, assignment to remediation may dissuade students from actually going to…
Descriptors: Academic Failure, Student Placement, College Entrance Examinations, Remedial Programs
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Walsh, Patrick – Education Finance and Policy, 2014
This paper quantifies the extent to which unified teacher pay scales and differential alternatives produce opportunity costs that are asymmetric in math and verbal skills. Data from the Baccalaureate and Beyond 1997 and 2003 follow-ups are used to estimate a fully parametric, selection-corrected wage equation for nonteachers, which is then used to…
Descriptors: Teacher Salaries, Salary Wage Differentials, Mathematics Skills, Verbal Ability
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