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Showing 1 to 15 of 22 results Save | Export
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Paredes, Valentina – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
Several papers have proposed that the grading system affects students' incentives to exert effort. In particular, the previous literature has compared student effort under relative and absolute grading systems, but the results are mixed and the implications of the models have not been empirically tested. In this paper, I build a model where…
Descriptors: Grading, Student Motivation, Incentives, College Students
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Diris, Ron – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
This study analyzes the effect of age-based retention on school achievement at different stages of education. I estimate an instrumental variable model, using the predicted probability of retention given month of birth as an instrument, while simultaneously accounting for the effect of month of birth on maturity at the time of testing. The…
Descriptors: Grade Repetition, Academic Achievement, Models, Probability
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Welsch, David M.; Zimmer, David M. – Education Finance and Policy, 2015
This paper draws attention to a subtle, but concerning, empirical challenge common in panel data models that seek to estimate the relationship between student transfers and district academic performance. Specifically, if such models have a dynamic element, and if the estimator controls for unobserved traits by including district-level effects,…
Descriptors: Transfer Students, Academic Achievement, Feedback (Response), School Districts
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Gleason, Philip M.; Tuttle, Christina Clark; Gill, Brian; Nichols-Barrer, Ira; Teh, Bing-ru – Education Finance and Policy, 2014
The Knowledge Is Power Program (KIPP) is an influential and rapidly growing nationwide network of charter schools serving primarily disadvantaged minority students. Prominent elements of KIPP's educational model include high expectations for student achievement and behavior, and a substantial increase in time in school. KIPP is being watched…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Disadvantaged Youth, Academic Achievement, Student Behavior
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Mihaly, Kata; McCaffrey, Daniel; Sass, Tim R.; Lockwood, J. R. – Education Finance and Policy, 2013
We consider the challenges and implications of controlling for school contextual bias when modeling teacher preparation program effects. Because teachers are not randomly distributed across schools, failing to account for contextual factors in achievement models could bias preparation program estimates. Including school fixed effects controls for…
Descriptors: Teacher Education Programs, Teacher Education, Program Evaluation, Context Effect
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Weiss, Michael J.; May, Henry – Education Finance and Policy, 2012
As test-based educational accountability has moved to the forefront of national and state education policy, so has the desire for better measures of school performance. No Child Left Behind's (NCLB) status and safe harbor measures have been criticized for being unfair and unreliable, respectively. In response to such criticism, in 2005 the federal…
Descriptors: Federal Government, Accountability, Performance Based Assessment, Federal Programs
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Nadler, Carl; Wiswall, Matthew – Education Finance and Policy, 2011
Recent research attributes the lack of merit pay in teaching to the resistance of teachers. This article examines whether the structure of merit pay affects the types of teachers who support it. We develop a model of the relative utility teachers receive from merit pay versus the current fixed schedule of raises. We show that if teachers are risk…
Descriptors: Risk, Merit Pay, Teacher Salaries, Resistance (Psychology)
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Koedel, Cory; Betts, Julian R. – Education Finance and Policy, 2011
Value-added modeling continues to gain traction as a tool for measuring teacher performance. However, recent research questions the validity of the value-added approach by showing that it does not mitigate student-teacher sorting bias (its presumed primary benefit). Our study explores this critique in more detail. Although we find that estimated…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Validity, Models, Statistical Bias
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Jepsen, Christopher – Education Finance and Policy, 2010
In 2001, California instituted a statewide test measuring English proficiency for English learners, students who are not proficient in English. In 2003 and 2004, nearly 500,000 English learners in grades 1-5 took this test each year. The relationship between bilingual education receipt and English proficiency is estimated using value-added…
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Second Language Learning, Least Squares Statistics, Bilingualism
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Lockwood, J. R.; McCaffrey, Daniel F. – Education Finance and Policy, 2009
This article develops a model for longitudinal student achievement data designed to estimate heterogeneity in teacher effects across students of different achievement levels. The model specifies interactions between teacher effects and students' predicted scores on a test, estimating both average effects of individual teachers and interaction…
Descriptors: Models, Achievement, Test Validity, Educational Policy
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Raudenbush, Stephen W. – Education Finance and Policy, 2009
Fixed effects models are often useful in longitudinal studies when the goal is to assess the impact of teacher or school characteristics on student learning. In this article, I introduce an alternative procedure: adaptive centering with random effects. I show that this procedure can replicate the fixed effects analysis while offering several…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Educational Assessment, Measurement Techniques, Models
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Reardon, Sean F.; Raudenbush, Stephen W. – Education Finance and Policy, 2009
The ability of school (or teacher) value-added models to provide unbiased estimates of school (or teacher) effects rests on a set of assumptions. In this article, we identify six assumptions that are required so that the estimands of such models are well defined and the models are able to recover the desired parameters from observable data. These…
Descriptors: School Effectiveness, Inferences, Educational Assessment, Measurement Techniques
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Rothstein, Jesse – Education Finance and Policy, 2009
Nonrandom assignment of students to teachers can bias value-added estimates of teachers' causal effects. Rothstein (2008, 2010) shows that typical value-added models indicate large counterfactual effects of fifth-grade teachers on students' fourth-grade learning, indicating that classroom assignments are far from random. This article quantifies…
Descriptors: Grade 5, Academic Achievement, Student Placement, Educational Assessment
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Briggs, Derek C.; Weeks, Jonathan P. – Education Finance and Policy, 2009
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the sensitivity of growth and value-added modeling to the way an underlying vertical score scale has been created. Longitudinal item-level data were analyzed with both student- and school-level identifiers for the entire state of Colorado between 2003 and 2006. Eight different vertical scales were…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Measurement Techniques, Models, Longitudinal Studies
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Ray, Andrew; McCormack, Tanya; Evans, Helen – Education Finance and Policy, 2009
Value-added indicators are now a central part of school accountability in England, and value-added information is routinely used in school improvement at both the national and the local levels. This article describes the value-added models that are being used in the academic year 2007-8 by schools, parents, school inspectors, and other…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Foreign Countries, Accountability, Computer Uses in Education
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