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Clotfelter, Charles T.; Hemelt, Steven W.; Ladd, Helen F. – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
We explore the effects of a statewide policy change that increased the number of high school math courses required for admission to four-year public universities in North Carolina. Using data on cohorts of eighth-grade students from 1999 to 2006, we exploit variation by district over time in the math course-taking environment encountered by…
Descriptors: College Admission, Admission Criteria, Secondary School Mathematics, Public Colleges
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Cordes, Sarah A. – Education Finance and Policy, 2018
A particularly controversial topic in current education policy is the expansion of the charter school sector. This paper analyzes the spillover effects of charter schools on traditional public school (TPS) students in New York City. I exploit variation in both the timing of charter school entry and distance to the nearest charter school to obtain…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Educational Policy, Causal Models, Academic Achievement
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Goldhaber, Dan; Grout, Cyrus; Huntington-Klein, Nick – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
Despite their widespread use, there is little academic evidence on whether applicant selection instruments can improve teacher hiring. We examine the relationship between two screening instruments used by Spokane Public Schools to select classroom teachers and three teacher outcomes: value added, absences, and attrition. We observe all applicants…
Descriptors: Predictive Validity, Admission (School), Public Schools, Selection Tools
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Ballou, Dale; Springer, Matthew G. – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) has been criticized for encouraging schools to neglect students whose performance exceeds the proficiency threshold or lies so far below it that there is no reasonable prospect of closing the gap during the current year. We examine this hypothesis using longitudinal data from 2002-03 through 2005-06. Our…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Accountability, Achievement Gains
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Chiang, Hanley; Lipscomb, Stephen; Gill, Brian – Education Finance and Policy, 2016
States across the country are developing systems for evaluating school principals on the basis of student achievement growth. A common approach is to hold principals accountable for the value added of their schools--that is, schools' contributions to student achievement growth. In theory, school value added can reflect not only principals'…
Descriptors: Value Added Models, Principals, Administrator Effectiveness, Administrator Evaluation
Scott-Clayton, Judith; Rodriguez, Olga – Education Finance and Policy, 2015
Half of all college students will enroll in remedial coursework but evidence of its effectiveness is mixed. Using a regression-discontinuity design with data from a large urban community college system, we make three contributions. First, we articulate three alternative hypotheses regarding the potential impacts of remediation. Second, in addition…
Descriptors: College Programs, Remedial Programs, Educational Policy, Evidence
Kraft, Matthew A. – Education Finance and Policy, 2015
Evidence on the effect of extending the school day is decidedly mixed because of the stark differences in how schools use additional time. In this paper, I focus narrowly on the effect of additional time used for individualized tutorials. In 2005, MATCH Charter Public High School integrated two hours of tutorials throughout an extended day. The…
Descriptors: Tutorial Programs, Integrated Activities, Individualized Instruction, High School Students
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Kraft, Matthew A. – Education Finance and Policy, 2015
Most teacher layoffs during the Great Recession were implemented following inverse-seniority policies. In this paper, I examine the implementation of a discretionary layoff policy in Charlotte Mecklenburg Schools. Administrators did not uniformly lay off the most or least senior teachers but instead selected teachers who were previously retired,…
Descriptors: Job Layoff, Teacher Effectiveness, Academic Achievement, Teacher Characteristics
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Steinberg, Matthew P.; Sartain, Lauren – Education Finance and Policy, 2015
Chicago Public Schools initiated the Excellence in Teaching Project, a teacher evaluation program designed to increase student learning by improving classroom instruction through structured principal-teacher dialogue. The pilot began in forty-four elementary schools in 2008-09 (cohort 1) and scaled up to include an additional forty-eight…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Urban Schools, Teacher Evaluation, Elementary Schools
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Gleason, Philip M.; Tuttle, Christina Clark; Gill, Brian; Nichols-Barrer, Ira; Teh, Bing-ru – Education Finance and Policy, 2014
The Knowledge Is Power Program (KIPP) is an influential and rapidly growing nationwide network of charter schools serving primarily disadvantaged minority students. Prominent elements of KIPP's educational model include high expectations for student achievement and behavior, and a substantial increase in time in school. KIPP is being watched…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Disadvantaged Youth, Academic Achievement, Student Behavior
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Steinberg, Matthew P. – Education Finance and Policy, 2014
School districts throughout the United States are increasingly providing greater autonomy to local public (non-charter) school principals. In 2005-06, Chicago Public Schools initiated the Autonomous Management and Performance Schools program, granting academic, programmatic, and operational freedoms to select principals. This paper provides…
Descriptors: Evidence, Budgets, Teaching Methods, Educational Strategies
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Springer, Matthew G.; Ballou, Dale; Peng, Art – Education Finance and Policy, 2014
This article presents findings from the first independent, third-party appraisal of the impact of the Teacher Advancement Program (TAP) on student test score gains in mathematics. TAP is a comprehensive school reform model designed to attract highly effective teachers, improve instructional effectiveness, and elevate student achievement. We use a…
Descriptors: Scores, Mathematics Achievement, Mathematics Tests, Teacher Effectiveness
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Chingos, Matthew M.; West, Martin R. – Education Finance and Policy, 2012
We examine earnings records for more than 130,000 classroom teachers employed by Florida public schools between the 2001-2 and 2006-7 school years, roughly 35,000 of whom left the classroom during that time. A majority of those leaving the classroom remained employed by public school districts. Among teachers in grades 4-8 leaving for other…
Descriptors: Teaching (Occupation), Teacher Salaries, Teacher Effectiveness, Grade 4
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Winters, Marcus A.; Greene, Jay P. – Education Finance and Policy, 2012
We use a regression discontinuity strategy to produce causal estimates for the effect of remediation under Florida's test-based promotion policy on multiple outcomes for up to five years after the intervention. Students subjected to the policy were retained in the third grade, were required to be assigned to a high-quality teacher during the…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Mathematics Achievement, Intervention, Remedial Instruction
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Fletcher, Jason M. – Education Finance and Policy, 2009
In this article, I examine the current policy of full inclusion of children receiving special education services in regular education classrooms. Specifically, I focus on the policy's effects on the "classmates" of children with special needs, with a particular focus on classmates of students with serious emotional problems. Results suggest that…
Descriptors: Inclusive Schools, Special Needs Students, Emotional Problems, Mathematics Achievement
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