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Acerenza, Santiago; Gandelman, Néstor – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
This paper characterizes household spending in education using microdata from income and expenditure surveys for twelve Latin American and Caribbean countries and the United States. Bahamas, Chile, and Mexico have the highest household spending in education and Bolivia, Brazil, and Paraguay have the lowest. Tertiary education is the most important…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Latin Americans, Heads of Households, Expenditures
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Paredes, Valentina – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
Several papers have proposed that the grading system affects students' incentives to exert effort. In particular, the previous literature has compared student effort under relative and absolute grading systems, but the results are mixed and the implications of the models have not been empirically tested. In this paper, I build a model where…
Descriptors: Grading, Student Motivation, Incentives, College Students