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LiCalsi, Christina; Ozek, Umut; Figlio, David – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
Educational accountability policies are a popular tool to close the achievement gaps between advantaged and disadvantaged students. However, these policies may exacerbate inequality if families from advantaged backgrounds are better able to advocate for their children and thus circumvent policy. We investigate this possibility in the context of…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Grade Repetition, Mothers, Educational Attainment
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Özek, Umut – Education Finance and Policy, 2015
Test-based accountability has become the new norm in public education over the last decade. In many states and school districts nationwide, student performance on standardized tests plays an important role in high-stakes decisions, such as grade retention. This study examines the effects of grade retention on student misbehavior in Florida, which…
Descriptors: Grade Repetition, Educational Policy, Student Behavior, Behavior Problems
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Steinberg, Matthew P. – Education Finance and Policy, 2014
School districts throughout the United States are increasingly providing greater autonomy to local public (non-charter) school principals. In 2005-06, Chicago Public Schools initiated the Autonomous Management and Performance Schools program, granting academic, programmatic, and operational freedoms to select principals. This paper provides…
Descriptors: Evidence, Budgets, Teaching Methods, Educational Strategies
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Chakrabarti, Rajashri – Education Finance and Policy, 2013
Florida's 1999 A-plus program was a consequential accountability program that embedded vouchers in an accountability regime. Under Florida rules, scores of students in several special education (ESE) and limited English proficient (LEP) categories were not included in the computation of school grades. One might expect these rules to induce F…
Descriptors: Accountability, Educational Vouchers, Testing, Special Education
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Fuller, Sarah C.; Ladd, Helen F. – Education Finance and Policy, 2013
We use North Carolina data to explore whether the quality of teachers in the lower elementary grades (K-2) falls short of teacher quality in the upper grades (3-5) and to examine the hypothesis that school accountability pressures contribute to such quality shortfalls. Our concern with the early grades arises from recent studies highlighting how…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Comparative Analysis, Accountability, Federal Legislation
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Winters, Marcus A.; Greene, Jay P. – Education Finance and Policy, 2012
We use a regression discontinuity strategy to produce causal estimates for the effect of remediation under Florida's test-based promotion policy on multiple outcomes for up to five years after the intervention. Students subjected to the policy were retained in the third grade, were required to be assigned to a high-quality teacher during the…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Mathematics Achievement, Intervention, Remedial Instruction
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Marcotte, Dave E.; Hemelt, Steven W. – Education Finance and Policy, 2008
Do students perform better on statewide assessments in years in which they have more school days to prepare? We explore this question using data on math and reading assessments taken by students in the third, fifth, and eighth grades since 1994 in Maryland. Our identification strategy is rooted in the fact that tests are administered on the same…
Descriptors: School Schedules, Time Factors (Learning), Grade 3, Grade 5
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Greene, Jay P.; Winters, Marcus A. – Education Finance and Policy, 2007
In 2002, Florida adopted a test-based promotion policy in the third grade in an attempt to end social promotion. Similar policies are currently operating in Texas, New York City, and Chicago and affect at least 17 percent of public school students nationwide. Using individual-level data on the universe of public school students in Florida, we…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Grade Repetition, Social Promotion, Grade 3