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Miller, Luke C.; Bassok, Daphna – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
Nationwide, the percentage of four-year-olds enrolled in state-supported preschool programs has more than doubled since the early 2000s as states dramatically increased their investments in early childhood education. Florida's Voluntary Pre-kindergarten Program (VPK), which began in 2005, has been a national leader with respect to preschool…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Preschool Education, Grade Repetition, Preschool Children
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Curran, F. Chris – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
Recent evidence demonstrates that disparities by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status in science achievement are present in the earliest grades of school. Preschool represents one potential policy solution; however, little research has explored the relationship between preschool attendance and science outcomes. This study examines whether…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Program Effectiveness, Science Achievement, Kindergarten
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Doss, Christopher – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
A growing body of research provides evidence that quality early childhood experiences can affect a host of life outcomes. Equally well documented is the variation in the quality of prekindergarten (pre-K) programs offered to children. In this study, I use a fuzzy regression discontinuity approach to evaluate the efficacy of transitional…
Descriptors: Literacy, Preschool Education, Kindergarten, Outcomes of Education
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LiCalsi, Christina; Ozek, Umut; Figlio, David – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
Educational accountability policies are a popular tool to close the achievement gaps between advantaged and disadvantaged students. However, these policies may exacerbate inequality if families from advantaged backgrounds are better able to advocate for their children and thus circumvent policy. We investigate this possibility in the context of…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Grade Repetition, Mothers, Educational Attainment
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Clotfelter, Charles T.; Hemelt, Steven W.; Ladd, Helen F. – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
We explore the effects of a statewide policy change that increased the number of high school math courses required for admission to four-year public universities in North Carolina. Using data on cohorts of eighth-grade students from 1999 to 2006, we exploit variation by district over time in the math course-taking environment encountered by…
Descriptors: College Admission, Admission Criteria, Secondary School Mathematics, Public Colleges
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Backes, Ben; Hansen, Michael – Education Finance and Policy, 2018
Recent evidence on teacher productivity suggests that teachers meaningfully influence non-test academic student outcomes that are commonly overlooked by narrowly focusing on test scores. Despite a large number of studies investigating the Teach For America (TFA) effect on math and English achievement, little is known about non-tested academic…
Descriptors: Beginning Teachers, Public School Teachers, Outcomes of Education, Attendance Patterns
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Berends, Mark; Waddington, R. Joseph – Education Finance and Policy, 2018
School choice researchers are often limited to comparing one type of choice with another (e.g., charter schools vs. traditional public schools). One area researchers have not examined is the effects of different school types within the same urban region. We fill this gap by analyzing longitudinal data for students (grades 3-8) in Indianapolis,…
Descriptors: School Choice, Charter Schools, Magnet Schools, Private Schools
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Cordes, Sarah A. – Education Finance and Policy, 2018
A particularly controversial topic in current education policy is the expansion of the charter school sector. This paper analyzes the spillover effects of charter schools on traditional public school (TPS) students in New York City. I exploit variation in both the timing of charter school entry and distance to the nearest charter school to obtain…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Educational Policy, Causal Models, Academic Achievement
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Gershenson, Seth; Tekin, Erdal – Education Finance and Policy, 2018
Community traumatic events such as mass shootings, terrorist attacks, and natural disasters have the potential to disrupt student learning. For example, these events can reduce instructional time by causing teacher and student absences, school closures, and disturbances to classroom and home routines. This paper uses a quasi-experimental research…
Descriptors: Trauma, Violence, Academic Achievement, Elementary School Students
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Blazar, David – Education Finance and Policy, 2018
There is growing interest among researchers, policy makers, and practitioners in identifying teachers who are skilled at improving student outcomes beyond test scores. However, questions remain about the validity of these teacher effect estimates. Leveraging the random assignment of teachers to classes, I find that teachers have causal effects on…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Student Behavior, Teacher Influence, Outcomes of Education
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Gershenson, Seth; Jacknowitz, Alison; Brannegan, Andrew – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
Student absences are a potentially important, yet understudied, input in the educational process. Using longitudinal data from a nationally representative survey and rich administrative records from North Carolina, we investigate the relationship between student absences and academic performance. Generally, student absences are associated with…
Descriptors: Attendance Patterns, Kindergarten, Elementary School Students, Early Childhood Education
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Diris, Ron – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
This study analyzes the effect of age-based retention on school achievement at different stages of education. I estimate an instrumental variable model, using the predicted probability of retention given month of birth as an instrument, while simultaneously accounting for the effect of month of birth on maturity at the time of testing. The…
Descriptors: Grade Repetition, Academic Achievement, Models, Probability
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Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Stiefel, Leanna; Cordes, Sarah A. – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
Policy makers and analysts often view the reduction of student mobility across schools as a way to improve academic performance. Prior work indicates that children do worse in the year of a school move, but has been largely unsuccessful in isolating the causal effects of mobility. We use longitudinal data on students in New York City public…
Descriptors: Student Mobility, Academic Achievement, Elementary School Students, Middle School Students
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Fox, Lindsay – Education Finance and Policy, 2016
Current uses of value-added modeling largely ignore or assume away the potential for teachers to be more effective with one type of student than another or in one subject than another. This paper explores the stability of value-added measures across different subgroups and subjects using administrative data from a large urban school district. For…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Outcome Measures, Teacher Improvement, School Statistics
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Chiang, Hanley; Lipscomb, Stephen; Gill, Brian – Education Finance and Policy, 2016
States across the country are developing systems for evaluating school principals on the basis of student achievement growth. A common approach is to hold principals accountable for the value added of their schools--that is, schools' contributions to student achievement growth. In theory, school value added can reflect not only principals'…
Descriptors: Value Added Models, Principals, Administrator Effectiveness, Administrator Evaluation
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