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Acerenza, Santiago; Gandelman, Néstor – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
This paper characterizes household spending in education using microdata from income and expenditure surveys for twelve Latin American and Caribbean countries and the United States. Bahamas, Chile, and Mexico have the highest household spending in education and Bolivia, Brazil, and Paraguay have the lowest. Tertiary education is the most important…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Latin Americans, Heads of Households, Expenditures
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Miller, Luke C.; Bassok, Daphna – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
Nationwide, the percentage of four-year-olds enrolled in state-supported preschool programs has more than doubled since the early 2000s as states dramatically increased their investments in early childhood education. Florida's Voluntary Pre-kindergarten Program (VPK), which began in 2005, has been a national leader with respect to preschool…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Preschool Education, Grade Repetition, Preschool Children
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Curran, F. Chris – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
Recent evidence demonstrates that disparities by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status in science achievement are present in the earliest grades of school. Preschool represents one potential policy solution; however, little research has explored the relationship between preschool attendance and science outcomes. This study examines whether…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Program Effectiveness, Science Achievement, Kindergarten
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Doss, Christopher – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
A growing body of research provides evidence that quality early childhood experiences can affect a host of life outcomes. Equally well documented is the variation in the quality of prekindergarten (pre-K) programs offered to children. In this study, I use a fuzzy regression discontinuity approach to evaluate the efficacy of transitional…
Descriptors: Literacy, Preschool Education, Kindergarten, Outcomes of Education
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LiCalsi, Christina; Ozek, Umut; Figlio, David – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
Educational accountability policies are a popular tool to close the achievement gaps between advantaged and disadvantaged students. However, these policies may exacerbate inequality if families from advantaged backgrounds are better able to advocate for their children and thus circumvent policy. We investigate this possibility in the context of…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Grade Repetition, Mothers, Educational Attainment
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Gershenson, Seth; Jacknowitz, Alison; Brannegan, Andrew – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
Student absences are a potentially important, yet understudied, input in the educational process. Using longitudinal data from a nationally representative survey and rich administrative records from North Carolina, we investigate the relationship between student absences and academic performance. Generally, student absences are associated with…
Descriptors: Attendance Patterns, Kindergarten, Elementary School Students, Early Childhood Education
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Cascio, Elizabeth U.; Schanzenbach, Diane Whitmore – Education Finance and Policy, 2016
We estimate the effects of relative age in kindergarten using data from an experiment where children of the same age were randomly assigned to different kindergarten classmates. We exploit the resulting experimental variation in relative age in conjunction with variation in expected kindergarten entry age based on birth date to account for…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Age, School Entrance Age, Selective Admission
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Gershenson, Seth – Education Finance and Policy, 2016
Research on the effectiveness of educational inputs, particularly research on teacher effectiveness, typically overlooks teachers' potential impact on behavioral outcomes, such as student attendance. Using longitudinal data on teachers and students in North Carolina I estimate teacher effects on primary school student absences in a value-added…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Attendance Patterns, Academic Achievement, Outcomes of Education
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Özek, Umut – Education Finance and Policy, 2015
Test-based accountability has become the new norm in public education over the last decade. In many states and school districts nationwide, student performance on standardized tests plays an important role in high-stakes decisions, such as grade retention. This study examines the effects of grade retention on student misbehavior in Florida, which…
Descriptors: Grade Repetition, Educational Policy, Student Behavior, Behavior Problems
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Sabol, Terri J.; Pianta, Robert C. – Education Finance and Policy, 2014
In the majority of states using Quality Rating and Improvement Systems (QRIS) to improve children's school readiness, the Early Childhood Environmental Rating Scale-Revised (ECERS-R) is a core assessment of preschool program quality and is central to QRIS metrics and incentive structures. The present study utilizes nationally representative data…
Descriptors: School Readiness, Preschool Education, Rating Scales, Measures (Individuals)
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Bassok, Daphna; Fitzpatrick, Maria; Loeb, Susanna; Paglayan, Agustina S. – Education Finance and Policy, 2013
Historically, the early childhood care and education (ECCE) workforce has been characterized as a low-education, low-compensation, low-stability workforce. In recent years, considerable investments have been made to correct this, but we lack evidence about the extent to which these investments were accompanied by changes in the characteristics of…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Educational Trends, Trend Analysis, Educational Attainment