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Miller, Luke C.; Bassok, Daphna – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
Nationwide, the percentage of four-year-olds enrolled in state-supported preschool programs has more than doubled since the early 2000s as states dramatically increased their investments in early childhood education. Florida's Voluntary Pre-kindergarten Program (VPK), which began in 2005, has been a national leader with respect to preschool…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Preschool Education, Grade Repetition, Preschool Children
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LiCalsi, Christina; Ozek, Umut; Figlio, David – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
Educational accountability policies are a popular tool to close the achievement gaps between advantaged and disadvantaged students. However, these policies may exacerbate inequality if families from advantaged backgrounds are better able to advocate for their children and thus circumvent policy. We investigate this possibility in the context of…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Grade Repetition, Mothers, Educational Attainment
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Backes, Ben; Hansen, Michael – Education Finance and Policy, 2018
Recent evidence on teacher productivity suggests that teachers meaningfully influence non-test academic student outcomes that are commonly overlooked by narrowly focusing on test scores. Despite a large number of studies investigating the Teach For America (TFA) effect on math and English achievement, little is known about non-tested academic…
Descriptors: Beginning Teachers, Public School Teachers, Outcomes of Education, Attendance Patterns
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Cordes, Sarah A. – Education Finance and Policy, 2018
A particularly controversial topic in current education policy is the expansion of the charter school sector. This paper analyzes the spillover effects of charter schools on traditional public school (TPS) students in New York City. I exploit variation in both the timing of charter school entry and distance to the nearest charter school to obtain…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Educational Policy, Causal Models, Academic Achievement
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Gershenson, Seth; Tekin, Erdal – Education Finance and Policy, 2018
Community traumatic events such as mass shootings, terrorist attacks, and natural disasters have the potential to disrupt student learning. For example, these events can reduce instructional time by causing teacher and student absences, school closures, and disturbances to classroom and home routines. This paper uses a quasi-experimental research…
Descriptors: Trauma, Violence, Academic Achievement, Elementary School Students
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Gershenson, Seth; Jacknowitz, Alison; Brannegan, Andrew – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
Student absences are a potentially important, yet understudied, input in the educational process. Using longitudinal data from a nationally representative survey and rich administrative records from North Carolina, we investigate the relationship between student absences and academic performance. Generally, student absences are associated with…
Descriptors: Attendance Patterns, Kindergarten, Elementary School Students, Early Childhood Education
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Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Stiefel, Leanna; Cordes, Sarah A. – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
Policy makers and analysts often view the reduction of student mobility across schools as a way to improve academic performance. Prior work indicates that children do worse in the year of a school move, but has been largely unsuccessful in isolating the causal effects of mobility. We use longitudinal data on students in New York City public…
Descriptors: Student Mobility, Academic Achievement, Elementary School Students, Middle School Students
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Chiang, Hanley; Lipscomb, Stephen; Gill, Brian – Education Finance and Policy, 2016
States across the country are developing systems for evaluating school principals on the basis of student achievement growth. A common approach is to hold principals accountable for the value added of their schools--that is, schools' contributions to student achievement growth. In theory, school value added can reflect not only principals'…
Descriptors: Value Added Models, Principals, Administrator Effectiveness, Administrator Evaluation
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Chingos, Matthew M.; Whitehurst, Grover J.; Gallaher, Michael R. – Education Finance and Policy, 2015
School districts are a focus of education reform efforts in the United States, but there is very little existing research about how important they are to student achievement. We fill this gap in the literature using 10 years of student-level, statewide data on fourth- and fifth-grade students in Florida and North Carolina. A variance decomposition…
Descriptors: School Districts, Academic Achievement, Grade 4, Grade 5
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Anderson, D. Mark; Walker, Mary Beth – Education Finance and Policy, 2015
School districts use a variety of policies to close budget gaps and stave off teacher layoffs and furloughs. More schools are implementing four-day school weeks to reduce overhead and transportation costs. The four-day week requires substantial schedule changes as schools must increase the length of their school day to meet minimum instructional…
Descriptors: School Schedules, Board of Education Policy, Educational Finance, Budgeting
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Özek, Umut – Education Finance and Policy, 2015
Test-based accountability has become the new norm in public education over the last decade. In many states and school districts nationwide, student performance on standardized tests plays an important role in high-stakes decisions, such as grade retention. This study examines the effects of grade retention on student misbehavior in Florida, which…
Descriptors: Grade Repetition, Educational Policy, Student Behavior, Behavior Problems