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Clotfelter, Charles T.; Hemelt, Steven W.; Ladd, Helen F. – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
We explore the effects of a statewide policy change that increased the number of high school math courses required for admission to four-year public universities in North Carolina. Using data on cohorts of eighth-grade students from 1999 to 2006, we exploit variation by district over time in the math course-taking environment encountered by…
Descriptors: College Admission, Admission Criteria, Secondary School Mathematics, Public Colleges
Blazar, David – Education Finance and Policy, 2018
There is growing interest among researchers, policy makers, and practitioners in identifying teachers who are skilled at improving student outcomes beyond test scores. However, questions remain about the validity of these teacher effect estimates. Leveraging the random assignment of teachers to classes, I find that teachers have causal effects on…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Student Behavior, Teacher Influence, Outcomes of Education
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Ladd, Helen F.; Sorensen, Lucy C. – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
Sorensen (corresponding author) Rockefeller College of Public Affairs and Policy University of Albany SUNY Albany, NY 12222 lsorensen@albany.edu Abstract We use rich longitudinally matched administrative data on students and teachers in North Carolina to examine the patterns of differential effectiveness by teachers' years of experience. The paper…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Teaching Experience, Middle School Teachers, Tests
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Moussa, Wael S. – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
High school graduation rates are a central policy topic in the United States and have been shown to be stagnant for the past three decades. Using student-level administrative data from New York City Public Schools, I examine the impact of compulsory school attendance on high school graduation rates and grade attainment, focusing the analysis on…
Descriptors: Compulsory Education, Graduation Rate, High School Students, Grade 9
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Chiang, Hanley; Lipscomb, Stephen; Gill, Brian – Education Finance and Policy, 2016
States across the country are developing systems for evaluating school principals on the basis of student achievement growth. A common approach is to hold principals accountable for the value added of their schools--that is, schools' contributions to student achievement growth. In theory, school value added can reflect not only principals'…
Descriptors: Value Added Models, Principals, Administrator Effectiveness, Administrator Evaluation
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Cohodes, Sarah R. – Education Finance and Policy, 2016
Recent work has shown that Boston charter schools raise standardized test scores more than their traditional school counterparts. Critics of charter schools argue that charter schools create those achievement gains by focusing exclusively on test preparation, at the expense of deeper learning. In this paper, I test that critique by estimating the…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Urban Schools, Standardized Tests, Scores
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Dougherty, Shaun M. – Education Finance and Policy, 2015
Strong literacy skills are crucial to ensuring an individual's future educational and economic success. Existing evidence suggests the transition from elementary to middle school is a decisive period for literacy development. In this paper I investigate the impact of extended learning time in literacy instruction on subsequent cognitive outcomes.…
Descriptors: Literacy, Literacy Education, Outcomes of Education, Middle School Students
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Chingos, Matthew M.; Whitehurst, Grover J.; Gallaher, Michael R. – Education Finance and Policy, 2015
School districts are a focus of education reform efforts in the United States, but there is very little existing research about how important they are to student achievement. We fill this gap in the literature using 10 years of student-level, statewide data on fourth- and fifth-grade students in Florida and North Carolina. A variance decomposition…
Descriptors: School Districts, Academic Achievement, Grade 4, Grade 5