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Ballou, Dale; Springer, Matthew G. – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) has been criticized for encouraging schools to neglect students whose performance exceeds the proficiency threshold or lies so far below it that there is no reasonable prospect of closing the gap during the current year. We examine this hypothesis using longitudinal data from 2002-03 through 2005-06. Our…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Accountability, Achievement Gains
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Springer, Matthew G.; Ballou, Dale; Peng, Art – Education Finance and Policy, 2014
This article presents findings from the first independent, third-party appraisal of the impact of the Teacher Advancement Program (TAP) on student test score gains in mathematics. TAP is a comprehensive school reform model designed to attract highly effective teachers, improve instructional effectiveness, and elevate student achievement. We use a…
Descriptors: Scores, Mathematics Achievement, Mathematics Tests, Teacher Effectiveness
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Ballou, Dale; Springer, Matthew G.; McCaffrey, Daniel F.; Lockwood, J. R.; Stecher, Brian M.; Hamilton, Laura; Pepper, Matthew – Education Finance and Policy, 2012
The Project on Incentives in Teaching (POINT) was a three-year study testing the hypothesis that rewarding teachers for improved student scores on standardized tests would cause scores to rise. Results, as described in Springer et al. (2010b), did not confirm this hypothesis. In this article we provide additional information on the POINT study…
Descriptors: Teaching (Occupation), Standardized Tests, Scores, Rewards
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Ballou, Dale – Education Finance and Policy, 2009
Conventional value-added assessment requires that achievement be reported on an interval scale. While many metrics do not have this property, application of item response theory (IRT) is said to produce interval scales. However, it is difficult to confirm that the requisite conditions are met. Even when they are, the properties of the data that…
Descriptors: Intervals, Measures (Individuals), Data Analysis, Item Response Theory