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Crispin, Laura M. – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
I estimate the effect of extracurricular participation on the high school dropout decision with a particular focus on at-risk students. Using a sample of tenth grade students from the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988, I jointly estimate the dropout and participation decisions (including extracurricular offerings per student), and…
Descriptors: High School Students, At Risk Students, Extracurricular Activities, Student Participation
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Dhuey, Elizabeth; Lipscomb, Stephen – Education Finance and Policy, 2013
Several states and the federal government distribute aid for special education programs based primarily on total district enrollment and a fixed aid amount per student, a method called "census funding." In this policy brief, we address three questions to help policy makers, educators, and researchers better understand census-funding…
Descriptors: Special Education, Educational Finance, Educational Policy, Enrollment
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Polikoff, Morgan S.; Wrabel, Stephani L. – Education Finance and Policy, 2013
Debate over the design of state and federal accountability systems is an important ongoing issue for policy makers. As we move toward next-generation accountability through No Child Left Behind's (NCLB) waivers and reauthorization drafts, it is important to understand the implementation and effects of key elements of prior accountability systems.…
Descriptors: Educational Indicators, Federal Programs, Accountability, Federal Legislation
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Ladd, Helen F. – Education Finance and Policy, 2010
The United States is an outlier with respect to its heavy emphasis on student test scores for the purposes of school accountability. Many other countries instead use school inspection systems that pay more attention to a school's internal processes and practices. This policy note focuses on the school inspection systems of New Zealand and the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Inspection, School Effectiveness, Accountability
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Lockwood, J. R.; McCaffrey, Daniel F. – Education Finance and Policy, 2009
This article develops a model for longitudinal student achievement data designed to estimate heterogeneity in teacher effects across students of different achievement levels. The model specifies interactions between teacher effects and students' predicted scores on a test, estimating both average effects of individual teachers and interaction…
Descriptors: Models, Achievement, Test Validity, Educational Policy
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Long, Mark C.; Iatarola, Patrice; Conger, Dylan – Education Finance and Policy, 2009
Despite increased requirements for high school graduation, almost one-third of the nation's college freshmen are unprepared for college-level math. The need for remediation is particularly high among students who are low income, Hispanic, and black. Female students are also less likely than males to be ready for college-level math. This article…
Descriptors: College Mathematics, Readiness, Secondary School Mathematics, Courses
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Loeb, Susanna; Miller, Luke C.; Strunk, Katharine O. – Education Finance and Policy, 2009
Professional development and teacher education policies have the potential to greatly affect teachers' abilities to teach and, as a result, students' abilities to learn. States can play varied roles in the provision of teacher education and professional development. This policy brief summarizes states' policy approaches to teacher professional…
Descriptors: Professional Development, Teacher Education, Public Policy, State Government