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Andrietti, Vincenzo; Su, Xuejuan – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
This paper uses a quasi-natural policy experiment in Germany, the G8 reform, to examine the impact of schooling intensity on student learning. The G8 reform compresses secondary school for academic-track students from nine to eight years, while holding fixed the overall academic content and total instruction time required for graduation, resulting…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Secondary Education, Educational Change, Academic Education
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Diris, Ron – Education Finance and Policy, 2017
This study analyzes the effect of age-based retention on school achievement at different stages of education. I estimate an instrumental variable model, using the predicted probability of retention given month of birth as an instrument, while simultaneously accounting for the effect of month of birth on maturity at the time of testing. The…
Descriptors: Grade Repetition, Academic Achievement, Models, Probability