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Özek, Umut; Xu, Zeyu – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
The federal Race to the Top competition provided significant impetus for states to adopt value-added models as a part of their teacher evaluation systems. Such models typically link students to their teachers in the spring semester when statewide tests are administered and estimate a teacher's performance based on his or her students' learning…
Descriptors: Teacher Evaluation, Value Added Models, Misconceptions, Attribution Theory
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Candelaria, Christopher A.; Shores, Kenneth A. – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
We provide new evidence about the effect of court-ordered finance reforms that took place between 1989 and 2010 on per-pupil revenues and graduation rates. We account for heterogeneity in the treated and counterfactual groups to estimate the effect of overturning a state's finance system. Seven years after reform, the highest poverty quartile in a…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Finance Reform, Expenditure per Student, Graduation Rate
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Ruijs, Nienke; Oosterbeek, Hessel – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
Using discrete choice models, this paper investigates the determinants of secondary school choice in the city of Amsterdam. In this city, there are many schools to choose from and school choice is virtually unrestricted (no catchment areas, low or no tuition fees, short distances). We find that school choice is related to exam grades and the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, School Choice, Grades (Scholastic), Student Characteristics
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Acerenza, Santiago; Gandelman, Néstor – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
This paper characterizes household spending in education using microdata from income and expenditure surveys for twelve Latin American and Caribbean countries and the United States. Bahamas, Chile, and Mexico have the highest household spending in education and Bolivia, Brazil, and Paraguay have the lowest. Tertiary education is the most important…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Latin Americans, Heads of Households, Expenditures
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Anderson, Drew M. – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
This study examines how private colleges and universities choose to spend versus reinvest resources in endowment funds that have suffered investment losses. The analysis takes advantage of a market downturn and public policy shift, which together revealed how colleges define prudent spending. Investment losses during the financial crisis of 2008…
Descriptors: Private Colleges, Endowment Funds, Expenditures, Investment
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Elsayed, Mahmoud A. A. – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
This paper uses a natural experiment from Egypt to examine the effect of extending compulsory schooling on long-term educational and labor market outcomes. Beginning in school year 2004-05, the Egyptian government extended primary education from five to six years, moving from an eight-year compulsory schooling system to a nine-year system. Using a…
Descriptors: Compulsory Education, Outcomes of Education, Education Work Relationship, Educational Change
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Costrell, Robert M.; McGee, Josh – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
The value of pension benefits varies widely, by a teacher's age of entry and exit. This variation is masked by the uniform rate of annual contributions, as a percent of pay, to fund benefits for all. For the first time, we unmask that variation by calculating annual costs at the individual level. In California, we find that the value of a…
Descriptors: Retirement Benefits, Teacher Characteristics, Costs, Fringe Benefits
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Evans, William N.; Schwab, Robert M.; Wagner, Kathryn L. – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
We examine the impact of the Great Recession on public education finance and employment. Five major themes emerge from our work. First, nearly 300,000 school employees lost their jobs. Second, schools that were heavily dependent financially on state governments were particularly vulnerable to the recession. Third, local revenues from the property…
Descriptors: Economic Climate, Public Education, Educational Finance, Employment
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Miller, Luke C.; Bassok, Daphna – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
Nationwide, the percentage of four-year-olds enrolled in state-supported preschool programs has more than doubled since the early 2000s as states dramatically increased their investments in early childhood education. Florida's Voluntary Pre-kindergarten Program (VPK), which began in 2005, has been a national leader with respect to preschool…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Preschool Education, Grade Repetition, Preschool Children
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Curran, F. Chris – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
Recent evidence demonstrates that disparities by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status in science achievement are present in the earliest grades of school. Preschool represents one potential policy solution; however, little research has explored the relationship between preschool attendance and science outcomes. This study examines whether…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Program Effectiveness, Science Achievement, Kindergarten
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Bednar, Steven; Gicheva, Dora – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
Mentoring, and to a greater extent support from high-level administrators, has been shown to decrease worker turnover in general, but little is known about its differential impact on minority workers. Utilizing four waves of the Schools and Staffing Survey, we find that administrative support is most strongly associated with retention for minority…
Descriptors: Mentors, Labor Turnover, Minority Group Teachers, Teacher Persistence
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Doss, Christopher – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
A growing body of research provides evidence that quality early childhood experiences can affect a host of life outcomes. Equally well documented is the variation in the quality of prekindergarten (pre-K) programs offered to children. In this study, I use a fuzzy regression discontinuity approach to evaluate the efficacy of transitional…
Descriptors: Literacy, Preschool Education, Kindergarten, Outcomes of Education
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Gulosino, Charisse A.; Ciamarra, Elif Sisli – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
This study provides the first systematic analysis of the composition of charter school governing boards. We assemble a dataset of charter school boards in Massachusetts from 2001 to 2013 and investigate the consequences of donor and founder representation on governing boards. We find that the presence of donors on the charter school boards is…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Donors, Governing Boards, Educational Finance
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Bedasso, Biniam E. – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
This paper explores factors affecting the choice of investment in specific human capital in the presence of significant inter-group and spatial inequalities. I use four years of admissions application data at an elite university in South Africa in conjunction with quarterly labor force data to trace the link between aptitude-adjusted expected…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Majors (Students), Course Selection (Students), Racial Segregation
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Davis, Matthew; Heller, Blake – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
Although it is well known that certain charter schools dramatically increase students' standardized test scores, there is considerably less evidence that these human capital gains persist into adulthood. To address this matter, we match three years of lottery data from a high-performing charter high school to administrative college enrollment…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, High Schools, Urban Schools, Enrollment
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