ERIC Number: EJ1185966
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Abstractor: As Provided
Social Behaviour, Socio-Cognitive Skills and Attachment Style In School-Aged Children: What Is the Relation with Academic Outcomes?
Early Child Development and Care, v188 n10 p1442-1453 2018
The present research explored the relation between socio-cognitive skills, as Theory of Mind and affective empathy, social behaviour, attachment style and scholastic success in children, aged from 8 to 11 years (N = 159; 90 females, 69 males; M[subscript age] = 9,60; DS = 0.78). Several assessment tools were administered to children on mentalizing abilities (Stories), empathy ("FASTE"), language ("PPVT-R"), attachment style ("SAT") and learning ("M.T." and "AC-MT 6-11"), while the teachers were asked to complete a questionnaire about every child's social behaviour ("SDQ"). The correlational analysis and MANOVA prove that 'secure' children show more prosocial behaviour, moral mentalizing and empathic capacities in the classroom, receiving better evaluations from teachers and in learning tests. Moreover, socio-cognitive skills and prosocial behaviour are associated with academic performance, while the affective empathy is only related to teachers' evaluations. Finally, the implications of these findings for theoretical and research development on socio-cognitive skills are discussed.
Descriptors: Social Behavior, Empathy, Child Development, Academic Achievement, Prosocial Behavior, Correlation, Intelligence, Theory of Mind, Attachment Behavior, Language Skills, Intelligence Tests, Verbal Ability, Vocabulary, Security (Psychology), Social Cognition, Moral Values, Foreign Countries, Grade 4, Grade 5, Elementary School Students, Behavior Problems, Child Behavior, Questionnaires, Screening Tests, Anxiety, Measures (Individuals), Task Analysis, Standardized Tests
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 4
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Italy
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test; Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire