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Yamamoto, Noriko; Imai-Matsumura, Kyoko – Early Child Development and Care, 2019
The present study examined gender differences in kindergarten students' ability for behavioural self-regulation and executive function in East Japan. One hundred and eleven 5-year-old children were assessed on behavioural self-regulation, inhibitory, and working memory tasks (direct measurement). Children's responses to the teacher's instructions…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Gender Differences, Executive Function, Self Control
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Hellman, Anette – Early Child Development and Care, 2016
The purpose of this article is to explore the way preschool teachers teach reflective care in Japan. The article builds on a two-month ethnographic study conducted in Japanese kindergartens and nurseries among children aged 3-6 years. The data were analysed using concepts of age and gender. The results show that care in Japan, in contrast to…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Early Childhood Education, Child Care, Gender Differences
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Hirose, Toshiya; Koda, Naoko; Minami, Tetsuhiro – Early Child Development and Care, 2012
This study examined the correspondence between children's indoor and outdoor play in a preschool environment to investigate whether the children maintained a tendency to engage in a particular type of play irrespective of the environment, or whether they changed the type of play according to the environment. Play behaviours of 18 three-year-old…
Descriptors: Age, Foreign Countries, Play, Correlation